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Aspirin targets key protein in neurodegenerative diseases A new study finds that a component of aspirin binds to an enzyme called GAPDH, which is believed to play a major role in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s diseases. Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute and John Hopkins University discovered that salicylic acid, the primary breakdown product of aspirin, binds to GAPDH, [...]
Want to do something good for your health? Try being generous Every day, we are confronted with choices about how to spend our money. Whether it’s thinking about picking up the tab at a group lunch or when a charity calls asking for a donation, we are faced with the decision to behave generously or not. Research suggests that spending money on others can improve happiness, [...]
Threats against children increase when mothers separate from abusive partners Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a study by Sam Houston State University found. In “Indirect Abuse Involving Children During the Separation Process,” Brittany Hayes, Assistant Professor at the College of Criminal [...]
Schizophrenia-associated genetic variants affect gene regulation in the developing brain An international research collaboration has shed new light on how DNA sequence variation can influence gene activity in the developing human brain. The team, which was led by researchers at the University of Exeter Medical School, King’s College London and Cardiff University, conducted the first study of how genetic variation influences DNA methylation, an epigenetic [...]
Study reveals how brain dysfunction could trap those with anxiety in a low social status Neuroscientists at EPFL identify a brain region that links anxious temperament to low social status. The researchers were able to tweak social hierarchy in animals using a regular vitamin. There are important differences in how individuals approach life. While some people are relaxed and calm, others often see situations as threatening, making them worried and [...]
Study shows moving from forest to urban environment influences human epigenomes Research on the genomes of Pygmy hunter-gatherer populations and Bantu farmers in Central Africa, carried out by scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS in cooperation with French and international teams, has shown for the first time that our habitat and lifestyle can have an impact on our epigenome – the entire system that [...]
Study suggests fish could have emotions and consciousness Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), together with scientists from the universities of Stirling and Bristol (United Kingdom), have for the first time observed an increase in body temperature of between two and four degrees in zebrafish, when these are subjected to stressful situations. This phenomenon is known as emotional fever, as it [...]
Kids from wealthier families more likely to rely on parental help as adults Research from North Carolina State University finds that more than 40 percent of young adults no longer live with their parents, but still receive at least some financial support from mom and dad – and this is particularly true for grown children from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. The bad news for college students is that attending [...]
Gender segregation in jobs is not rooted in early family planning Despite decades of efforts to banish the idea of “jobs for men” — construction worker, firefighter, mechanic — and “jobs for women” — teacher, flight attendant, registered nurse — almost 69 percent of workers are in occupations that are dominated by one gender or the other, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Why [...]
The brains of people with autism process facial expressions of emotion differently Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty recognizing and interpreting how facial expressions convey various emotions – from joy to puzzlement, sadness to anger. This can make it difficult for an individual with ASD to successfully navigate social situations and empathize with others. A study led by researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles [...]
Changing labor laws may hurt public employees’ clout in presidential election, study finds Changed labor laws — with some states curtailing collective bargaining rights — may lessen political participation by teachers and other public employees, traditionally cornerstones in the election of Democrats, a Baylor University study has found. Such a shift could affect the distribution of political power across society — including in the 2016 elections — depending [...]
Latino youth who feel discriminated against are more depressed, less likely to help others Recent conversations in the United States have centered on discrimination issues; yet, little is known about how discrimination affects youths’ mental health and their willingness to help others. Now, University of Missouri researchers found Latino immigrant youth who reported feeling discriminated against had more depressive symptoms and were less likely to perform altruistic behaviors six [...]
Tracing a path toward neuronal cell death A fruit fly model of a rare, neurodegenerative disease is helping researchers trace the series of steps that lead to neuronal cell death. Damage to astrocytes – star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord – is found in many neurodegenerative conditions, but it’s been unclear exactly what role astrocyte dysfunction plays in the [...]
Researchers grow retinal nerve cells in the lab Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a method to efficiently turn human stem cells into retinal ganglion cells, the type of nerve cells located within the retina that transmit visual signals from the eye to the brain. Death and dysfunction of these cells cause vision loss in conditions like glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. “Our work could [...]
What Do Men and Women Want in a Mate Overall? There are certain categories of features that we all consider when choosing a romantic partner. Knowing them can help you make better choices about who you pick for a mate—and help you be more desirable to others too. Learn what the research has to say...
What Do We Really Want From a Partner? There are categories we all consider when choosing a romantic partner. Knowing them can help you make better choices about who you pick for a mate—and help you be more desirable.
Confronting Mental Illness Yesterday was a horrible day. I had taken my boyfriend home with me from Nashville to North Carolina to spend the Thanksgiving holiday with my family. We had a nice … ...
12 Tips to Get Motivated When You’re Stuck in... Don’t worry: It’s only a temporary rut. It’s common to look at unproductive people and just call them lazy. After all, we all know what laziness “looks” like. We’ve been lazy ourselves, but it’s been a temporary, short-lived condition, and we move on to pursue … ...
Considering the Negative Consequences of a “Bikini Body” From "#thinsperation" to the "Bikini Body," there is an abundance of "products" that are endorsed by celebrities and "experts" who perpetuate the "thin body ideal." The impact of this message on society is troubling, ranging from body image problems to serious eating disorders. One nutrition and health psychology expert shares an open letter about this disturbing reality.
How anxiety can kill your social status Neuroscientists have identified a brain region that links anxious temperament to low social status. The researchers were able to tweak social hierarchy in animals using a regular vitamin.