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Syntax is not unique to human language Human communication is powered by rules for combining words to generate novel meanings. Such syntactical rules have long been assumed to be unique humans. A new study, published in Nature Communications, show that Japanese great tits combine their calls using specific rules to communicate important compound messages. These results demonstrate that syntax is not unique [...]
Our Shared Journey through Life Imagine our entire life story being one that has already been sketched out, like a predestined game of Chutes and Ladders. There are going to be trials and tribulations, but life is a game and it must go on. There is no telling which move … ...
Time spent playing video games may have positive effects on young children Video games are a favorite activity of children, yet its affect on their health is often perceived to be negative. A study by researchers at Columbia Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues at Paris Descartes University assessed the association between the amount of time spent playing video games and children’s mental health and cognitive [...]
Researchers unlock mechanisms in the brain that separate food consumption from cravings Researchers investigating eating disorders often study chemical and neurological functions in the brain to discover clues to overeating. Understanding non-homeostatic eating — or eating that is driven more by palatability, habit and food cues — and how it works in the brain may help neuroscientists determine how to control cravings, maintain healthier weights and promote [...]
Study reveals brain network for sharing self-related information on Facebook A network of brain regions involved in self-disclosure on Facebook has been determined, according to a new study published in the open-access journal Scientific Reports. In the first study to examine the intrinsic functional connectivity of the brain in relation to social media use, Dar Meshi and colleagues observed connectivity between regions of the brain [...]
Men: Why you Take your Wife for Granted Men. Some of us are masters at taking our wives for granted. It’s nearly an art form – albeit an unconscious one. Why do men take wives or long-term partners … ...
Review of 130 studies suggests gun restrictions can help reduce gun deaths A study by researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health looked at the associations between firearm-related laws and firearm homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries and deaths. The paper is the first to explore the evidence from around the world on gun laws and gun violence to determine whether gun restrictions help reduce gun [...]
Brain activity of nematodes seeking food offers new view on sleep If you have trouble sleeping, the neurons in your brain may be firing like those in roundworms randomly seeking food in the absence of clues, says University of Oregon biologist Shawn R. Lockery. That connection is proposed in a theoretical neuroscience paper co-authored by 12 researchers at 10 institutions that is in the journal eLife. [...]
Welfare recipients seen as immoral for buying ethical products Shoppers making ethical purchases, such as buying organic food or environmentally friendly cars, are generally seen as more virtuous – unless they’re receiving government assistance. If ethical shopping is funded by welfare cheques, those shoppers are judged as immoral for taking advantage of public generosity, according to a new UBC Sauder School of Business study. [...]
Study: Voters prefer politicians who use extortion strategies in negotiations Participants in major political conferences could write a book about it: negotiations constantly fail due to the uncooperative and selfish behaviour of individual negotiators. This can be observed in the often fruitless attempts to reach a climate agreement over the years and the current difficulties in getting the EU states to agree on quotas for [...]
‘Relationship TV’ affects the sexual expectations of emerging adults differently What young men and women expect from their sexual relationships is influenced in different ways by the television programmes they watch, according to a new study in Communication Monographs. Hilary Gamble and Leslie R. Nelson studied the effect of ‘relationship television’, that is, programmes which feature romantic relationships and themes, on 18–25 year olds. Their [...]
Depression and anxiety may reduce chances of IVF pregnancy Depression and anxiety, and not necessarily the use of antidepressant medication, are associated with lower pregnancy and live birth rates following in vitro fertilisation, according to a large register study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The findings are published in the journal Fertility & Sterility and can be of interest to clinicians treating infertility and [...]
What Makes a Worthy Person? "The Four B's" The Four B's are our authentic sense of Being (grounded, appreciative); Belonging (close others); Believing (ethical principles); Benevolence (kindness): "Our Emotional Footprint"
Designing Treatment-Friendly Waiting Rooms Putting some time, money and creativity into how you decorate and arrange your waiting room isn’t an “extra.” Studies have shown that potential clients make judgments about the competence and caring of therapists within the first five seconds of walking in the door! That impression … ...
Physician Advocacy for ASD (Autism spectrum disorder) Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a family of neurodevelopmental disorders made up of autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. While the pathophysiology behind these disorders remains largely unknown, each shares a specific constellation of symptoms including impaired communication, diminished social skills, … ...
The Myth of the Rational Consumer The consumer purchase process involves rational evaluation of a product's features and attributes. But it is perceived emotional end-benefits that make us decide to buy.
Treatment Options For ADHD Introduction You may know someone who suffers from ADHD or you may suffer from ADHD yourself. Either way, you may wonder what the treatment options are for ADHD. To answer … ...
#189: Sexuality: A Different Perspective Bryan Guilas via Compfight How can we think differently about sexuality? How can we protect our children? Who should teach them–parents, the schools, the Internet? Do we really live in … ...
The Best Way to Beat Burnout and Get Your Groove Back   According to Shonda Rhimes, ” Work doesn’t work without play”. And she should know. She’s one of the most successful women in TV – a creator, writer, and producer of … ...
Happiness in a Bottle? Popular commercials depict mental health consumers gleefully picking daisies on a sun-splashed day. Happiness is achievable, if only you insert this pill, embrace this diet regimen, or add this supplement. The sterile blueness — or is it an overcast Seattle grey? — is a temporary … ...