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Freud 101 Can you recognise when a person is using a particular defence mechanism?
10 Things You Should Do With Someone Who Suffers... Do you know someone who struggles with delusional thoughts? A delusion is defined as a belief, that is strongly held to be true, despite evidence to the contrary. It is … ...
Is your child really your child? Study finds cuckolded fathers are rare in human populations Despite the urban myth reinforced by many a daytime talk show, researchers writing in Trends in Ecology & Evolution on April 5 say the emerging evidence consistently indicates that very few fathers have unknowingly raised children who were not biologically their own. The collective evidence for low rates of extra-pair paternity (EPP) challenges the notion that [...]
Insomnia appears to damage the brain’s communication networks Using a sophisticated MRI technique, researchers have found abnormalities in the brain’s white matter tracts in patients with insomnia. Results of the study were published online in the journal Radiology. Primary insomnia, in which individuals have difficulty falling or staying asleep for a month or longer, is associated with daytime fatigue, mood disruption and cognitive [...]
When Your Child Has ADHD and Autism Raising a child with ADHD makes for an interesting experience all by itself. However, if your child has Autism along with that, you’re in for a whole different ball game. … ...
Sensation-seeking linked to distinct differences in brain structures People prone to seeking stimulation and acting impulsively may have differences in the structure of their brains according to a study published in the April 6 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. What’s more, those differences may predispose them to substance abuse. Avram Holmes, a psychologist at Yale University, and a team of researchers from [...]
Ritual slaughter: Why so many early human societies practiced violent human sacrifice Human sacrifice was practiced in many early human societies throughout the world. In China and Egypt the tombs of rulers were accompanied by pits containing hundreds of human bodies, whose spirits were believed to provide assistance in the afterlife. Ritually slaughtered bodies are found buried next to rings of crucibles, brass cauldrons and wooden idols [...]
Researchers identify objective biomarkers and predictors of suicidality in women Researchers have identified blood-based biomarkers and developed questionnaire-based apps that may help clinicians identify which of their female patients being treated for psychiatric disorders are at greatest risk of suicidal ideation or behavior. In the article “Towards understanding and predicting suicidality in women: biomarkers and clinical risk assessment,” researchers at the Indiana University School of [...]
Do brain training apps actually improve cognition? Neuroscientists investigate The draw is huge: Play video games and get smarter. For the past decade, various groups have claimed that their cognitive training programs do everything from staving off neurodegenerative disease to enhancing education and improving daily functioning. Absent from many of these claims has been neuroscientific evidence. Cognitive neuroscientists are now rigorously testing the potential [...]
Human intracranial electrophysiology: Invading the brain to understand and repair cognition People are using brain-machine interfaces to restore motor function in ways never before possible – through limb prosthetics and exoskletons. But technologies to repair and improve cognition have been more elusive. That is rapidly changing with new tools – from fully implantable brain devices to neuron-eavesdropping grids atop the brain – to directly probe the [...]
Does Gamblers Anonymous work? Study suggests twelve-step program can help People who attended Gamblers Anonymous gambled less often, showed increased readiness for change and enhanced coping skills, but appeared to fair better when Gamblers Anonymous was combined with other therapeutic approaches, a comprehensive review has found. Gamblers Anonymous is a twelve-step program for individuals with a gambling problem, based on peer support and a shared [...]
Altered circadian rhythm worsens Parkinson’s disease Chronic lack of sleep and irregular sleep-wake cycles may be risk factors of Parkinson’s disease, new work by researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) suggests. In an animal model, the researchers show that disturbances in circadian rhythm that exist before Parkinson’s onset dramatically worsen motor and learning deficits brought [...]
Is it really give and take? New research examines how young people talk about oral sex Popular culture may suggest we live in an era where men and women have achieved sexual equality. But new research finds that, when it comes to oral sex, disparities persist – and young men and women tend to gloss over these gender inequalities. The study, conducted in England by University of the Pacific sociologist Ruth [...]
Rhythm of oscillations in cerebral cortex are key to understanding Down syndrome Cerebral activity is governed by a fine balance between neuronal excitation and inhibition. Specifically, neurons are activated by excitation mechanisms tightly regulated by inhibition processes. For certain functions, the neuronal network needs to be synchronized. This causes high-frequency oscillations that make behavior and information-processing possible. This synchronization depends on the excitation/inhibition balance that is affected [...]
Online comment sections may influence readers’ opinions on health issues A study published in the April edition of Health Affairs reveals that one-sided comments posted on online news articles may influence readers’ opinions about health-related topics. This raises questions about how health social media should be moderated, especially considering the potentially polarized nature of these forums. In this study led by Holly Witteman, an assistant [...]
Parkinson’s disease meds increase risk of compulsive gambling, shopping, binge eating Drugs commonly prescribed to treat Parkinson’s disease have been linked to impulse control disorders such as pathological gambling, compulsive buying, hypersexuality and binge eating in some patients, report neurologists from Loyola Medicine and Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. These disorders can have disastrous personal, professional and financial consequences if not recognized or treated, [...]
Sensation-seeking may be linked to brain anatomy People prone to seeking stimulation and acting impulsively may have differences in the structure of their brains.
Is risk-taking behavior contagious? Why do we sometimes decide to take risks and other times choose to play it safe? In a new study, researchers explored the neural mechanisms of one possible explanation: a contagion effect.
Blueberries may offer benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder In a series of studies conducted in rats, researchers have found that eating blueberries could help to reduce the genetic and biochemical drivers behind depression and suicidal tendencies associated with PTSD.
The Top 10 Daily Habits of Extremely Happy People You deserve to be REALLY, REALLY happy! The key to happiness — as cliché as it sounds — can’t be found in other people. Happiness begins and ends with you. So take some time to go out and create your own bliss. Happiness is right … ...