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Gazing up and to the right of the audience gives a heroic impression Barack Obama, Nelson Mandela and Mother Theresa are just a few examples of high-profile moral leaders who have become heroes to their many followers. They also tend to look toward the upper-right of the viewer in portraits that have been widely distributed by supporters of related social causes. In Western culture, the directions up and [...]
Drug in common nighttime cold medicines linked to cognitive impairment Older adults might want to avoid a using class of drugs commonly used in over-the-counter products such as nighttime cold medicines due to their links to cognitive impairment, a research team led by scientists at Indiana University School of Medicine has recommended. Using brain imaging techniques, the researchers found lower metabolism and reduced brain sizes [...]
Analysis of MDMA studies suggests ‘ecstasy’ can damage brain’s serotonin system Researchers from the University of Liverpool have conducted a study examining the effect ecstasy has on different parts of the brain. Dr Carl Roberts and Dr Andrew Jones, from the University’s Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, and Dr Cathy Montgomery from Liverpool John Moores University conducted an analysis of seven independent studies that used [...]
When It Feels Like the World Doesn’t Appreciate Your... When most parents watch their children interact with peers, they get to see their child included in games, invited into conversations, and enjoyed in presence. For a lot of parents … ...
Brain caught ‘filing’ memories during rest Memories formed in one part of the brain are replayed and transferred to a different area of the brain during rest, according to a new UCL study in rats. The finding suggests that replay of previous experiences during rest is important for memory consolidation, a process whereby the brain stabilises and preserves memories for quick [...]
‘Magic’ mushroom chemical psilocybin reduces psychological pain after social rejection Social problems are key characteristics in psychiatric disorders and are insufficiently targeted by current treatment approaches. By applying brain imaging methods, researchers at the University of Zurich now show that a small amount of psilocybin changes the processing of social conflicts in the brain. As a result, participants experienced social exclusion and social pain as [...]
New study finds shifted sleep-wake cycles affect women more than men A new study from the Surrey Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey, published today in the journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) has found that shifted sleep-wake cycles affect men and women’s brain function differently. Researchers placed 16 male and 18 female participants on 28-hour days in a controlled environment [...]
Presidential elections: Electoral College increases ad spending in typical election The advertising landscape during presidential elections could look a whole lot different if each American were to vote for his or her own preferred candidate, instead of having to do so collectively through the current Electoral College system. This is according to Brett Gordon of Northwestern University and Wesley Hartmann of Stanford Graduate School of [...]
Researchers model complex brain interactions that allow for long-term memory Thank the little “muscles” in your neurons for allowing you to remember where you live, what your friends and family look like and a lot more. New research at Rice University suggests actin filaments that control the shape of neuron cells may also be the key to the molecular machinery that forms and stores long-term [...]
Smoking and schizophrenia: Understanding and breaking the cycle of addiction Smoking addiction in schizophrenia can be explained by significantly increased activation of the ventro-medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), a region involved in the brain reward system. These new data, the result of a study by researchers at the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal (CIUSSS EST, Montreal) and the University of Montreal confirms the tendency [...]
Vocal signals reveal intent to dominate or submit, study finds You may not win friends, but a new study finds that you can influence people simply by lowering the pitch of your voice in the first moments of a conversation. The study, reported in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, found that people whose voices went down in pitch early on in an interaction were [...]
Researchers can now identify you by your brain waves with 100 percent accuracy Your responses to certain stimuli — foods, celebrities, words — might seem trivial, but they say a lot about you. In fact (with the proper clearance), these responses could gain you access into restricted areas of the Pentagon. A team of researchers at Binghamton University, led by Assistant Professor of Psychology Sarah Laszlo and Assistant [...]
Do we judge distance based on how a word sounds? Marketers and brand managers responsible for naming new products should be interested to learn that people associate certain sounds with nearness and others with distance, say researchers from the University of Toronto, whose new study adds to the body of knowledge about symbolic sound. In a study published online April 15 in the journal, Cognition, [...]
Investigating plasma levels as a biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease A Centre for Healthy Brain Ageing (CHeBA) paper published in Current Alzheimer Research presents the first detailed study of the relationship between plasma levels of two amyloid beta peptides (Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42), brain volumetrics (measures studying the size of brain, which shrinks with Alzheimer’s disease) and cognitive performance in an investigation of the usefulness of plasma [...]
Breath-centered meditation can improve attention in heavy media multitaskers People who often mix their media consumption — texting while watching TV, or listening to music while reading — are not known for being able to hold their attention on one task. But sharpening their focus may be as simple as breathing. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have shown that heavy media multitaskers benefited [...]
Religion OCD (Part 1) First, sorry for the late post this week — hay fever has brought me low for a couple of days. I wanted to talk a little about religious OCD, which … ...
How To Help Kids Make Knowledge Stick   Kids tend to under-prepare for tests and be overly optimistic about the quality of their writing, and parents may suspect laziness or lack of motivation. However, much of the … ...
The Creative Act of Forgiveness Have you ever found yourself driving down a dark desert highway, losing yourself in the mysterious groove of “Hotel California” by The Eagles? With such a great melody, some of the best lyrics may slip by unnoticed. Especially “We are all just prisoners here, of … ...
Psilocybin reduces psychological pain after social exclusion, study finds Social problems are key characteristics in psychiatric disorders and are insufficiently targeted by current treatment approaches. By applying brain imaging methods, researchers now show that a small amount of psilocybin changes the processing of social conflicts in the brain. As a result, participants experienced social exclusion and social pain as less stressful. This could help to improve therapy of social problems.
Investigating plasma levels as biomarker for Alzheimer's disease The first detailed study of relationship between plasma levels of two amyloid beta peptides, cognitive function and the measures studying the size of brain, which shrinks with Alzheimer's disease.