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Glutamate levels in the brain may be linked to alcohol craving Craving consists of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral elements related to a desire to drink alcohol, and can be experienced during intoxication, withdrawal, and/or prior to relapse. Different types of craving are hypothesized to be associated with different neurotransmitter systems. For example, reward craving may be mediated by dopamine and opioids, obsessive craving by serotonin, and relief craving by glutamate. A new study used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to examine the correlation between craving and glutamate levels in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) of patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs).
Maybe I Can Help You Understand If there is one thing that being mentally ill has taught me it is empathy. I understand what if feels like to feel worthless and hopeless and loveless. I know … ...
Brain connectome map more than doubles the human cortex’s known regions Researchers have mapped 180 distinct areas in our brain’s outer mantle, or cortex — more than twice the number previously known. They have also developed software that automatically detects the “fingerprint” of each of these areas in an individual’s brain scans. Funded by the National Institutes of Health through its Human Connectome Project (HCP), this [...]
Study shows changes in brain activity after mindfulness therapy in teens Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychiatric conditions affecting children and adolescents. While antidepressants are frequently used to treat youth with anxiety disorders, sometimes, antidepressants may be poorly tolerated in children who are at high risk of developing bipolar disorder. Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) are studying how cognitive therapy that uses [...]
Sexting might actually be a sign of a committed relationship Why do people sext? Why do they send racy or naked photos or videos and sexually loaded texts? For a short-term hookup, sexting might seem like a direct way to get what you want – or at least try to. But according to my research, sexting is actually most likely to occur within a committed [...]
How we put the world in order: Neuroscientists find sorting center in the brain The world around is complex and changing constantly. To put it in order, we devise categories into which we sort new concepts. To do this we apply different strategies. A team of researchers at the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) led by Prof. Dr. Boris Suchan, department of neuropsychology, and Prof. Dr. Onur Güntürkün, department of [...]
Contact points of neurons in the cerebral cortex form functional groups The cerebral cortex resembles a vast switchboard. Countless lines carrying information about the environment, for example from the sensory organs, converge in the cerebral cortex. In order to direct the flow of data into meaningful pathways, the individual pyramidal cells of the cerebral cortex act like miniature switchboard operators. Each cell receives information from several [...]
The Differences Between ADHD And Executive Function Disorder... Introduction According to c8sciences.com, “While they share some of their respective symptoms, the definitions of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Executive Function Disorder aren’t quite the same. There is a … ...
Neuroscientists’ study sheds light on how words are represented in the brain Reading is a relatively modern and uniquely human skill. For this reason, visual word recognition has been a puzzle for neuroscientists because the neural systems responsible for reading could not have evolved for this purpose. “The existence of brain regions dedicated to reading has been fiercely debated for almost 200 years,” said Avniel Ghuman, an [...]
Executive Functioning Skills And ADHD Introduction What is the term executive functioning? What does it mean? To answer that question, according to understood.org, “Executive functions let people plan, organize and complete tasks.” However, the question … ...
How to Make Political Conversations More Productive Being able to talk together constructively is a small but mighty consolation in these troubling times.
Understanding PTSD and its Effects on Marriage Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that occurs following a life-threatening event such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or physical or sexual assault. Approximately eight percent of all people will experience PTSD at some point in their life. … ...
Reading Harry Potter lowers Americans’ opinions of Donald Trump, study finds Harry may not be a full-on patronus against the presumptive Republican presidential nominee’s appeal, but reading Potter stories does appear to be a shield charm against Trump’s message. A new study to be published in a special 2016 election issue of PS: Political Science and Politics finds that reading Harry Potter books leads Americans to [...]
Why does using a period in a text message make you sound insincere or angry? When it comes to texting, the period, full stop, point – whatever you call it – has been getting a lot of attention. People have begun noticing slight changes to the way our smallest punctuation mark is deployed, from declarations that it’s going out of style to claims that it’s becoming angry. What they’re actually [...]
One-third of women with ADHD have anxiety disorders — almost half have considered suicide Women with ADHD are much more likely to have a wide range of mental and physical health problems in comparison to women without ADHD, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto. “The prevalence of mental illness among women with ADHD was disturbingly high with 46% having seriously considered suicide, 36% [...]
Researchers find a simple way for couples to rekindle their sexual desire Many couples find that their sexual desire has dwindled over time. It’s not unusual for partners who could not keep their hands off each to gradually lose interest. But new research indicates that there are ways that couples can sustain–or relight–their passion. “Our research shows that partners who are responsive to each other outside the [...]
Diversifying clinical science to represent diverse populations Despite increasing attention to issues of diversity in scientific research, participant populations in behavioral science tend to be relatively homogeneous. Understanding how people differ across various dimensions, and how those differences are driven by underlying psychological, biological, and social processes, is critical to building a rigorous and comprehensive clinical science. A special series in Clinical [...]
The Marketing of Mindfulness Mindfulness for Mind-Blowing Sex?
A Western-Style Diet Wipes Out Memory and Learning Memory problems could be partly responsible for obesity among people consuming a Western-style diet.  
The Eating Habit That Wipes Out Memory and Learning Memory problems could be partly responsible for obesity.