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APA Elects Harvard Medical School Associate Professor Jessica Henderson Daniel 2018 President Daniel has served APA in numerous leadership roles
It Is A Real Illness Sometimes people don’t understand; maybe you don’t understand. Sometimes people see mental illness as a character flaw or an attitude problem or something that is “all in his or her … ...
Poor cardiorespiratory fitness is a major risk factor for depression Research published in Preventive Medicine suggests there is a link between a lack of physical activity and developing depression. The study used a technique known as a meta-analysis to statistically summarize the results of three longitudinal studies, which included 1,142,699 individuals. Among both men and women, having poor cardiorespiratory fitness was linked to a higher [...]
Even young children can distinguish between different kinds of moral beliefs Children and adults have similar beliefs about the objectivity of widely shared moral beliefs, according to research published in the journal Cognition. The research consisted of three studies examining preschoolers’ and adults’ perceptions of widely shared moral beliefs and controversial moral beliefs. Widely shared moral beliefs consisted of positive behaviors pitted against negative behaviors, while [...]
Being born either too early or too late may impact academic performance A new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology indicates that being born either too early or too late may have a long-term effect on children’s academic performance. The risk of cognitive and developmental problems in premature infants is well-established, but preventing preterm birth is limited clinically. By contrast, less is known about what [...]
Humans recognize partially obscured snakes more easily than other animals Some studies have suggested that the visual systems of humans and other primates are finely tuned to identify dangerous creatures such as snakes and spiders. This is understandable because, among our ancestors, those who were more able to see and avoid these animals would have been more likely to pass on their genes to the [...]
Mismatched light and heat levels can disrupt body clock Body clock function can break down when light and temperature levels throughout the day are out of sync, finds new UCL (University College London) research in fruit flies. The study, published in Cell Reports, examined the activity levels of flies when they were exposed to light and heat at different times. The ‘natural’ cycle involved [...]
Parents don’t notice young children’s PTSD — but may need support themselves Young children may experience Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) for years without it being recognised by their parents according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). Researchers investigated how children under 10 experience PTSD weeks, months and years after a traumatic event. They found that children’s suffering is often under-recognised by parents [...]
Telephone-based intervention shows promise in combating alcohol abuse among soldiers Alcohol abuse is pervasive in the military, where a culture of heavy drinking and the stress of deployment lead many soldiers down a troubled path. Almost half of active-duty military members in the United States — 47 percent — were binge-drinkers in 2008, up from 35 percent a decade earlier. Rates of heavy drinking also [...]
Scientists discover autism gene slows down brain cell communication Scientists at McMaster University’s Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute in collaboration with Sick Children’s Hospital have discovered genetic alterations in the gene DIXDC1 in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This gene was found to change the way brain cells grow and communicate. This finding, published today in Cell Reports, provides new insights into [...]
Increasing the activity of the neurotransmitter GABA has antidepressant effects in mice Increasing the activity of the neurotransmitter GABA in the brains of depressed mice has antidepressant effects Experimentally increasing the activity of a subclass of nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) has antidepressant effects similar to pharmaceutical antidepressants in depressed mice. The discovery lends new credence to the idea that GABA-enhancing drugs could [...]
More frequent vaping among teens linked to higher risk of heavy cigarette smoking In a study appearing in the November 8 issue of JAMA, Adam M. Leventhal, Ph.D., of the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, and colleagues examined associations of e-cigarette vaping with subsequent smoking frequency and heavy smoking among adolescents. E-cigarette vaping is reported by 37 percent of U.S. 10th-grade adolescents and [...]
Dementia diagnosis delayed by complex referral criteria Complex and time-consuming memory clinic referral criteria are contributing to delays in the diagnosis of dementia, according to a paper published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Around 850,000 people are living with dementia in the UK but the number thought to have dementia substantially exceeds those with a formal diagnosis. [...]
Don’t Fear The Zika Zika, there are 35 locally acquired mosquito-borne cases reported in the United States, but Travel-associated cases reported are over 2,686 and counting according to the *CDC Stats. Include US Territories and you can … ...
How Does Zika Spread? After my research, I learned Zika was not new, identified since 1947 (“damned dirty apes!”)  While the “associated” with of Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly (catastrophic as microcephaly might happen).  Does really matter to … ...
Do You Fear Zika Zika, there are 100 locally acquired mosquito-borne cases reported in the United States, but Travel-associated cases reported are over 3,713 (and counting according to the *CDC Stats. Include US Territories, and you can add … ...
How Immune Systems Can Influence Social Behavior The immune system is our main defense mechanism against disease. Dysfunctions in the immune system are therefore associated with a myriad of complications, including several neurological and mental disorders. Yet, for a long time the brain and the immune system were considered to be isolated … ...
30 Signs of Social Anxiety: When it is Beyond Shyness Do your kids have a hard time warming up to people? Are they slow to make friends? Are they silent at family gatherings? When does shyness turn into social anxiety? … ...
Those Damn Holiday Commercials… It’s that time of year again and the onslaught of Christmas advertising has begun. Every store’s aisles are stocked full of shiny new Christmas toys and decorations for the tree, … ...
How brain surgery eliminates seizures in epilepsy patients Surgery is an option for patients who do not respond to medications and have epileptic scar tissue that can be removed safely. In 60 to 70 percent of surgery patients, seizures are completely eliminated, and the success rate likely will improve as imaging and surgical techniques improve.