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Almost two-thirds of children worry 'all the time' Concerns about family and friends and fear of failing at school are the top causes of anxiety.
Your personality changes when you move to a new place Studies show that character traits, like anxiety and extroversion, vary from one state to another.
Stress experienced by an individual’s ancestors may overshadow the stress experienced within a lifetime New research suggests that stress exposure across generations may be more important than stress experienced within a lifetime. The study, published in Hormones and Behavior, compared a population of lizards (Sceloporus undulatus) who had been living near fire ants for about 30 generations with a population that had been free of fire ants. Young offspring [...]
Relationship found between cognitive ability and experiences of vaginal, oral and anal sex New research published in The Journal of Sex Research has found a relationship between cognitive ability and the experiences of vaginal, oral, and anal sex in adolescents and young adults. The study was based on 13,845 respondents who participated in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally-representative sample of U.S. teens [...]
Study: Religiosity is not associated with rape myth acceptance New research suggests religiosity has little influence on whether people believe myths about rape and rapists. The study of 727 university students found a correlation between greater religiosity and greater acceptance of rape myths, such as “A rape probably doesn’t happen if a girl doesn’t have any bruises or marks” and “A lot of times, [...]
Is it possible to be too ‘nice’ for your own good? Niceness is a topic that tends to fundamentally divide people. Should you put yourself first, stand up for yourself and get back at people who’ve wronged you or should you put others first and turn the other cheek when attacked? Is being nice more likely to make us happy in the long run – leading [...]
For cops, exposure to stressful situations dysregulates cortisol pattern For most people, cortisol, the vital hormone that controls stress, increases when they wake up. It’s the body’s way of preparing us for the day. But in police officers who’ve experienced intense stress on the job, cortisol functions much differently, according to recent research from the University at Buffalo and funded by the National Institute [...]
Scientists catalogue ‘parts list’ of brain cell types in a major appetite center Using Harvard-developed technology, scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have catalogued more than 20,000 brain cells in one region of the mouse hypothalamus. The study, published in Nature Neuroscience, revealed some 50 distinct cell types, including a previously undescribed neuron type that may underlie some of the genetic risk of human obesity. This [...]
Exposure to phobic images without conscious awareness is more effective for reducing fear A team of investigators, led by Bradley S. Peterson, MD, director of the Institute for the Developing Mind at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, and Paul Siegel, PhD, associate professor of psychology at Purchase College of the State University of New York, have found that exposure to phobic images without conscious awareness is more effective than [...]
How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time? Prediction is crucial for brain function–without forecasting, our actions would always be too late because of the delay in neural processing. However, there has been limited theoretical work explaining how our brains perform perceptual predictions over time. In the latest issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), New York University neuroscientist David [...]
Sign language users have better reaction times and peripheral vision, study finds People who use British Sign Language (BSL) have better reaction times in their peripheral vision, a new study from the University of Sheffield has found. The findings, revealed by scientists from the University’s Academic Unit of Ophthalmology and Orthoptics, show that hearing adults learning a visual-spatial language such as BSL has a positive impact on [...]
Study finds troubling consequences for anti-Muslim and anti-Mexican attitudes and actions The President’s recent Executive Order is attempting to close U.S. borders to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, with the rationale that it would make Americans safer against the threat of terrorism. But new research from the University of Pennsylvania and Northwestern provides evidence that this action may do just the opposite. The study, “Backlash: The [...]
Body dysmorphic disorder may be under-diagnosed in patients seeking cosmetic procedures Plastic surgeons and other cosmetic professionals are familiar with the challenges posed by patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) seeking cosmetic procedures, reports a survey study in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). But BDD may be “under-diagnosed” by cosmetic professionals, [...]
In crowd wisdom, the ‘surprisingly popular’ answer can trump ignorance of the masses Crowd wisdom such as what might arise from online voting is popularly assumed to provide better answers than any one person by aggregating multiple perspectives. Democratic methods, however, tend to favor the most popular information, not necessarily the most correct. The ignorance of the masses can cancel out a knowledgeable minority with specialized information of [...]
Researchers examine unusual condition of mirror-touch synesthesia When a student in a University of Delaware study watched a video of someone else’s hand being touched, she felt the touch on her own hand. While that may seem a little eerie to most of us, she’s not alone. About two in 100 people have this condition called mirror-touch synesthesia, or MTS. In an [...]
Alzheimer’s disease researchers solve mystery of beguiling protein Leading neuroscientists have clarified the role of a controversial immune system protein in Alzheimer’s disease, showing it has opposing effects in early and late stages of the disease. Their discovery unites previous studies that left researchers conflicted and showed the protein both exacerbates and ameliorates disease symptoms. The updated model of disease progression, published in [...]
How a ‘Dysfunctional’ Family Could Make You a Great... We’re living in a golden age of entrepreneurship. There’s never been a more favorable time for founders, freelancers and members of the side-hustle generation seeking to define success on their own terms. Look around and you’ll find no shortage of inspirational figures leading the way. … ...
Raising Compassionate Children: 12 Tips A few years ago, I took a tumble down a flight of stairs at work resulting in injury to my ankle and face. I suffered a fractured ankle, severe bruising … ...
Men's Mental Health: A Silent Crisis Numerous researchers state that there is a silent crisis in men’s mental health. Is this the case? What are the issues and what are the solutions to improve men's mental health?
How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time? There's a theory for that A neuroscientist offers a new framework to explain how the brain makes predictions. He outlines how “prediction” may be a general principle of cortical function—along with the already-established role of inference.