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Working Odd Shifts Can Hurt Parent-Child Relationships Research shows that working a job that doesn't keep 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. hours can hurt the relationships between parents and adolescents, increasing the likelihood that children will engage in delinquent behaviors. However, the researchers found that in some circumstances, an unconventional work schedule can be a benefit for children.
Connectivity: The Difference Between Men's and Women's Brains Male brains (top) show greater connectivity front-to-back, while female brains (bottom) are more connected across the hemispheres.→ Jeremy Dean is a psychologist and author of PsyBlog. His latest book is "Making Habits, Breaking Habits: How to Make Changes That Stick"
Dads: How important are they? New research highlights value of fathers in both neurobiology and behavior of offspring Even with today's technology, it still takes both a male and a female to make a baby. But is it important for both parents to raise that child? Many studies have outlined the value of a mother, but few have clearly defined the importance of a father, until now. New findings show that the absence of a father during critical growth periods, leads to impaired social and behavioral abilities in adults.
Looks are all important for girls on tween TV Researchers believe that television programs for 8- to 12-year-olds may skew their concepts about gender roles. "Girls can participate in everything that boys can, but while doing so they should be attractive." This, according to American researchers, is one of the gender ideals conveyed by tween television programs to their young viewers.
Missing 'brake in the brain' can trigger anxiety Fear, at the right level, can increase alertness and protect against dangers. Disproportionate fear, on the other hand, can disrupt the sensory perception, be disabling, reduce happiness and therefore become a danger in itself. In anxiety disorders, the fear is so strong that there is tremendous psychological strain and living a normal life seems impossible. Researchers have now found a possible explanation as to how social phobias and fear can be triggered in the brain: a missing inhibitory connection or missing "brake" in the brain.
Omega-3 dietary supplements pass blood-brain barrier New research shows that omega-3 fatty acids in dietary supplements can cross the blood brain barrier in people with Alzheimer's disease, affecting known markers for both the disease itself and inflammation. The findings strengthen the evidence that omega-3 may benefit certain forms of this seriously debilitating disease.
Is There a Gene for Winning Gold Medals? Will 10,000 hours on the golf course turn you into the next Tiger Woods? What does Michael Phelps have in common with a canoe? Why do so many great sprinters hail from Jamaica? How does economics help explain Kenyan dominance in long-distance running? And why might a genetic test make you think twice about playing rugby or football?read more
Male and female brains: the REAL differences Dean Burnett: Despite criticism of the recent high-profile study, some differences between male and female brains can't be deniedDean Burnett
Exercise beneficial for dementia Exercise may benefit older people with dementia by improving their cognitive functioning and ability to carry out everyday activities, according to a new systematic review. However, the authors of the review did not see any clear effect of exercise on depression in older people with dementia and say that more evidence is needed to understand how exercise could reduce the burden on family caregivers and health systems.
Gene therapy bolsters enzyme activity to combat Alzheimer's disease in mice Scientists have identified an enzyme that can halt or possibly even reverse the build-up of toxic protein fragments known as plaques in the brains of mice with Alzheimer's disease.
Can you be obese and healthy? The idea that people can be obese and still be "healthy" is called into question by a new study.
Alzheimer's risk gene may begin to affect brains in childhood, research shows People who carry a high-risk gene for Alzheimer's disease show changes in their brains beginning in childhood, decades before the illness appears, new research suggests.
Fear of being single leads people to settle for less Fear of being single is a meaningful predictor of settling for less in relationships among both men and women, a study has found.
So, men and women's brains are wired differently – but it's not that simple | Oscar Rickett Reducing a scientific study about mental illness to pop psychology suggesting men and women are from different planets does us all a disserviceMen and women. Sometimes we look into each other's eyes and think: "You are more inexplicable to me than one of those creatures that crawl along the ocean floor." In relationships of all kinds men and women often end up exasperated with the perceived irrationality not just of the person they are dealing with, but their entire gender. Men's magazines feature articles written by women giving "the female perspective". Women's magazines feature articles telling their readers "what men really think", as if the final copy had been approved by all the blokes of the world sitting down together over a beer in their basement den. On a darker note, the "battle of the sexes" lies behind female genital mutilation, the casting aside of baby girls by those who want boys or the trafficking of young brides. Too often, the other gender is one to be worked out, understood and then, for some, defeated.A new study from the University of Pennsylvania looks to have added fuel to the "Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus" fire. It reveals, in the words of Ragini Verma, the associate professor who led the study, "a stark difference – and complementarity – in the architecture of the human brain that helps provide a potential neural basis as to why men excel at certain tasks, and women at others". This has been received in some quarters of the media as confirmation of our inherent alienness to each other. ItIts findings have been – and will be – taken and applied to pop psychology, not to science, which is what its architects intended it for.When I spoke to Professor Ruben Gur, one of the academics in charge of the research, he told me that it was very important people understood that "we are talking about averages". He went on to explain that the study was focused on mental health problems in children and young adults and that, because men and women are, on average, more susceptible to some forms of mental illness than others – for example, men to psychosis and women to depression – it was important to do some gender-related research. This study, then, is to do with diagnosing and treating various types of mental illness. It's not about saying that geezers like to read maps and birds like to have touchy-feely chats. It's not, as Gur was at pains to point out, about dividing men and women.Often, people feel the need to back up their prejudices or assumptions with any old science they can find. Women, after all, were seen as too hysterical to be allowed the vote, and scientists would be wheeled out to attest to that. There is a difference, too, between how our brains are wired and how we feel and behave. These things often fall into the territory of psychoanalysis, which is much maligned by those who'd rather lump all of humanity into categories. It's comforting, perhaps, to think that the wide and terrifying range of emotions we all feel can be reduced to whether we piss standing up or sitting down. To do that, though, would be doing a disservice to yourself and to the good people at the University of Pennsylvania.GenderPsychologyRelationshipsOscar Ricketttheguardian.com © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds
Neurofeedback tunes key brain networks, improving well-being in PTSD Pioneering research points to a promising avenue for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: utilizing neurofeedback training to alter the plasticity of brain networks linked to the condition. During neurofeedback, intentional control of one's own brain activity may be learned with what's called a brain-computer interface, which is able to represent graphically a person's real-time brain activation on a computer.
Prenatal exposure to alcohol disrupts brain circuitry: No safe level of drinking during pregnancy, neuroscientist says Prenatal exposure to alcohol severely disrupts major features of brain development that potentially lead to increased anxiety and poor motor function, conditions typical in humans with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, say neuroscientists.
Art could help create a better 'STEM' student Scientists have focused on how to incorporate creativity into STEM education with the implication that doing so will increase the quality of STEM graduates. STEM studies are about problem solving, and creative endeavors are exercises in problem solving, experts say.
Talk therapy may reverse biological changes in PTSD patients New research suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) not only reduces symptoms but also affects the underlying biology of this disorder.
What's the Smartest Country In the World? It's not the country you would think.read more
Ethnic identification helps Latina adolescents resist media barrage of body images A strong sense of ethnic identity can help Latina girls feel positive about their body and appearance, a new study concludes, even as this group slips further into dissatisfaction with themselves when compared to a media-filled world of unrealistic images of thin white women.