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Locus of Control and The Zorro Circle Photo Credit: Flickr In his book, The Happiness Advantage, author Shawn Achor talks about how by first limiting our focus on small, manageable goals, we can then expand our sphere of power from there. Achor used the movie “The Mask of Zorro” (starring Antonio Banderas and Anthony Hopkins) as an example and describes what he […]
Frequent school moves may harm kids' mental health Study suggests tht preteens who changed schools frequently when they were children are at increased risk of developing psychotic symptoms.
President George W. Bush Fights to Take "˜Disorder' Out of PTSD Bush asserts that when PTSD is called a disorder, veterans don't think they can be treated.
Brain region essential for social memory identified A small region of the hippocampus known as CA2 is essential for social memory, the ability of an animal to recognize another of the same species, a new study concludes. In humans, the importance of the hippocampus for social memory was famously illustrated by the case of Henry Molaison, who had much of his hippocampus removed by surgeons in 1953 in an attempt to cure severe epilepsy. Molaison was subsequently unable to form new memories of people. A better grasp of the function of CA2 could prove useful in understanding and treating disorders characterized by altered social behaviors, such as autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
Are You Most Comfortable Operating in Adaptor Mode? Adaptor Mode results when neither the top-brain nor the bottom-brain systems are highly utilized. According to our theory, those who rely habitually on Adaptor Mode may be free-spirited and good team members. Contemporary people who seem to exemplify Adaptor Mode behavior include Britney Spears and Jesse Ventura. From the past: Elizabeth Taylor.read more
How Aging Changes What Makes You Happy "We are the sum of all the moments of our lives"”all that is ours is in them." --Thomas WolfeWith increasing age, people get more pleasure out of everyday experiences; while younger people define themselves more by extraordinary experiences, a new study finds. Continue reading - - > → Dr Jeremy Dean is a psychologist and author of PsyBlog. His latest book is "Making Habits, Breaking Habits: How to Make Changes That Stick"
Recovering from Anorexia: How and Why Not to Stop Halfway How do you get past the in-between stage of having regained some weight but probably not enough, past the distressing limbo between sickness and health? What do you do when you know you're not well again yet but you fear going any further?read more
Family Problems In Childhood Affect Brain Development Childhood adversity experienced between ages 0-11 associated with a smaller cerebellum.New research finds that those who experience relatively common family problems early in childhood have an increased risk of mental health issues later on. Continue reading - - > → Dr Jeremy Dean is a psychologist and author of PsyBlog. His latest book is "Making Habits, Breaking Habits: How to Make Changes That Stick"
Playing Tetris for three minutes can cut strength of cravings, study shows Visual stimulation provided by computer game can reduce cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol, psychologists sayPlaying Tetris for just three minutes can reduce the strength of cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol, according to a study.Psychologists say the visual stimulation provided by the computer game can reduce naturally-occurring cravings for long enough to ward them off.They believe it could give a "quick and manageable" fix for people struggling with diets, smoking and alcohol – providing an "essential boost for willpower".Tetris is a hugely popular tile-matching puzzle video game that was developed in Moscow in 1984.The research was conducted by PhD student Jessica Skorka-Brown, alongside professors Jackie Andrade and Jon May, from Plymouth University's Cognition Institute.Professor Andrade said: "Episodes of craving normally only last a few minutes, during which time an individual is visualising what they want and the reward it will bring. Often those feelings result in the person giving in and consuming the very thing they are trying to resist. But by playing Tetris, just in short bursts, you are preventing your brain creating those enticing images and without them the craving fades."In the study, participants were asked to detail if and what they were craving and to rate the cravings in terms of their strength, vividness and intrusiveness.One group then played Tetris. A second group was sat in front of a screen and told it was attempting to load, but ultimately not playing.After just three minutes, the participants were again asked to rate their cravings. Those who played Tetris experienced 24% weaker cravings than those who did not.Professor Andrade said the research tested elaborated intrusion (EI) theory, which dictates that imagery is central to craving and a visual task should therefore decrease it. "Feeling in control is an important part of staying motivated, and playing Tetris can potentially help the individual to stay in control when cravings strike," Professor Andrade said."It is something a person can quickly access for the most part whether they are at work or at home, and replaces the feeling of stress caused by the craving itself. Ultimately, we are constantly looking for ways to stimulate cravings for healthy activities, such as exercise, but this is a neutral activity that we have shown can have a positive impact."The research is published in the Appetite scientific journal.TetrisGamesPsychologytheguardian.com © 2014 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds
Will Your Financial Success Cost You "Whole Life" Success? The mounting stress and other physical and psychological damage from devotion to money, power, and status narrows your awareness of who you used to be, that you're no longer sure you're capable of becoming.read more
New Study of Improvising Jazz Pianists Shows Similar Brain Circuits Used for Music and Language Brain regions that process language are also involved in communicating through music.When jazz musicians are improvising, the areas of the brain activated include those associated with syntax and spoken language, a new brain imaging study finds. The study had jazz musicians "˜trading fours': which is where musicians each improvise four bars of music... Continue reading - - > → Jeremy Dean is a psychologist and author of PsyBlog. His latest book is "Making Habits, Breaking Habits: How to Make Changes That Stick"
An Introduction To Art Therapy: A Brief Guide An Introduction to Art Therapy: A Brief Guide to Art Therapy by Andrew Wright, Art Psychotherapist, ATICArt Therapy is a well developed profession in the US and the UK and is an approach that is used to help people of all ages.
Why Aren't We Buying Insurance Against Global Warming? We don't take out an insurance policy against global warming to protect our children and their children because we are a selfish and short-sighted species. We are racing against the clock to wise up in time.read more
Could PTSD involve immune cell response to stress? Study in mice raises question Chronic stress that produces inflammation and anxiety in mice appears to prime their immune systems for a prolonged fight, causing the animals to have an excessive reaction to a single acute stressor weeks later, new research suggests. After the mice recovered from the effects of chronic stress, a single stressful event 24 days later quickly returned them to a chronically stressed state in biological and behavioral terms. Mice that had not experienced the chronic stress were unaffected by the single acute stressor.
6 Tips to Make Couple Counselling Work For You One of the most frequently asked questions I hear from couples when enquiring about Couple Counselling is "˜will couple counselling work us?' As much as I want to say "˜absolutely', the answer is rarely that black and white because as human beings, each of us is ultimately responsible for our own action and behaviour and [...]
Elizabeth Newson obituary Developmental psychologist who made important advances in autism researchThe developmental psychologist Elizabeth Newson, who has died aged 84, challenged the orthodoxy of her profession by emphasising the importance of observing children at play and of involving parents in assessments of their behaviour. She eschewed standardised assessments in favour of watching children at play, while simultaneously carrying out interviews with the parents – whom she saw as part of the assessment team. Her methods, which stemmed from her passionate belief in the value of parental partnership and a holistic approach to diagnosis and intervention, eventually became accepted practice.Working closely for much of her career with her husband, John, she established an influential research unit at Nottingham University, with a clinic using her interactive, child-centric approach. She also carried out a pioneering study of child upbringing, and became an international expert in autism.Elizabeth was born in Highgate, north London, the eldest of four daughters of Richard and Mary Palmer. They were active socialists and close friends with members of a Jewish family. This led to them providing a home for a child, and later her parents, escaping persecution in Germany in 1939.During the second world war the family lived in a remote cottage on the Horseshoe Pass in north Wales and later in Bristol, before returning to Dulwich, south-east London. Elizabeth went on to study psychology at University College London, where she met John. They married in the summer of 1951.Shortly afterwards they moved to Nottingham, where John took up a lectureship, and they began a series of research appointments that led to them becoming joint directors of the Child Development Research Unit in 1958. There they embarked on their classic study of child rearing in 700 families. Influenced by an interest in anthropology, they pioneered a naturalistic approach of using semi-structured interviews and entering into dialogue with participants. A first book based on the research, Infant Care in an Urban Community (1963), led to three further publications examining the experiences of children at the ages of four and seven. Their works became standard texts for students of social work and psychology.Elizabeth carried many of the principles that underpinned these studies into other areas of her work, in particular the training of postgraduate psychologists and a growing interest in childhood disability. From 1970 the unit focused on the training of educational and clinical psychologists. Her teaching style was inspirational and discursive, and she provided tireless support to her students.From the 1970s onwards, Elizabeth's work increasingly focused on autism, influenced in part by her experience as a mother of a son with Asperger syndrome. When she was made professor of developmental psychology at Nottingham in 1994, she dedicated her inaugural lecture to talking about pathological demand avoidance syndrome (PDA), a subtype of autism she had identified and that is characterised by an avoidance of the ordinary demands of life. PDA has become increasingly recognised as part of the range of autism conditions.Newson became an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in 1993, and was appointed OBE for her services to children on the autism spectrum in 1999.More locally, she was involved with Norsaca, a Nottingham-based autism charity, and in 1970 was instrumental in setting up Sutherland House, a school for children with autism based on several sites around Nottinghamshire. She remained involved with the school as an adviser until 2003. Collaborations between her research unit and Sutherland House proved fruitful, leading to workshops for parents and siblings and a support package for young children with autism and their families.She went on to establish what she referred to as her "retirement career", focusing on the transformation of the university-based clinic into a diagnostic service attached to Sutherland House, where we worked closely as joint directors. This subsequently became the Elizabeth Newson Centre.One of Newson's strongest beliefs about her work was that it should "make sense". Many parents would attest to her astute observations and genuine personal commitment – as well as the accuracy of the clinical descriptions that helped them make sense of their child's behaviour.John died in 2010. Elizabeth is survived by her son, Roger, and daughters, Carey and Jo."¢ Elizabeth Ann Newson, developmental psychologist, born 8 April 1929; died 6 February 2014PsychologyPeople in scienceAutismChildrenHealthPsychologyUniversity of NottinghamPhil Christietheguardian.com © 2014 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds
Neuron-generating brain region could hold promise for neurodegenerative therapies Adult humans continuously produce new neurons in the striatum and these neurons could play an important role in possibly finding new treatments for neurodegenerative disorders, according to a study. To detect the birth of new neurons in the striatum, the authors used a method that measures carbon-14 found in human DNA as a result of above-ground nuclear testing. The discovery may open up new avenues to treat diseases and disorders that affect the striatum.
Human and dog brains both have dedicated 'voice areas' The first study to compare brain function between humans and any non-primate animal shows that dogs have dedicated voice areas in their brains, just as people do. Dog brains, like those of people, are also sensitive to acoustic cues of emotion, according to a new study.
Active thyroid may raise risk of depression in older individuals When older individuals' thyroid glands are more active than average, it may be a risk factor for depression, according to new research. Beyond its role in regulating the body's metabolism, the thyroid gland also can influence mental health. Past research has found links between an increased risk of depression and both over- and underactive thyroid glands. This study is the first to find an association between depression and thyroid activity variations within the normal range.
Mechanism behind activation of dormant memory cells discovered The electrical stimulation of the hippocampus in in-vivo experiments activates precisely the same receptor complexes as learning or memory recall. This has been discovered for the first time. The latest findings very much form part of the highly controversial subject of "cognitive enhancement." Scientists are currently discussing the possibility of improving mental capacity through the use of drugs -- including in healthy subjects of all age groups, but especially in patients with age-related impairments of cognitive processes.