Article Description
Having children is contagious among high school friends during early adulthood A new study suggests that having children is contagious among female high school friends during early adulthood. “The study shows the contagion is particularly strong within a short window of time: it increases immediately after a high school friend gives birth, reaches a peak about two years later, and then decreases, becoming negligible in the
Where one lives matters in the relationship between obesity and life satisfaction A new study suggests that how one compares weight-wise with others in his or her community plays a key role in determining how satisfied the person is with his or her life. “The most interesting finding for us was that, in U.S. counties where obesity is particularly prevalent, being obese has very little negative effect
Activation of brain region can change a monkey’s choice Artificially stimulating a brain region believed to play a key role in learning, reward and motivation induced monkeys to change which of two images they choose to look at. In experiments reported online in the journal Current Biology, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the University of Leuven in Belgium confirm for the first time
Ostracism more damaging than bullying in the workplace Being ignored at work is worse for physical and mental well-being than harassment or bullying, says a new study from the University of British Columbia’s Sauder School of Business. Researchers found that while most consider ostracism less harmful than bullying, feeling excluded is significantly more likely to lead to job dissatisfaction, quitting and health problems.
How Anxiety Can Protect Us In life there are some things that are good for us and some things that aren’t. Many times though, the things that we think are doing us harm actually have a component of good. This is true for things like relationships that although were not healthy while we were engaged,...
76 Stress Relievers When we are feeling stressed, our body can respond in any number of ways. Our mind may go blank, our heart beat accelerates, we might feel clammy or we may suddenly become very irritable and anxious. Whether you are at work or home, most anything can induce stress in people and if it is not […]
Creatures of habit: Disorders of compulsivity share common pattern and brain structure People affected by binge eating, substance abuse and obsessive compulsive disorder all share a common pattern of decision making and similarities in brain structure, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. In a study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry and primarily funded by the Wellcome Trust, researchers show that people who are affected by
Pleasant smells increase facial attractiveness New research from the Monell Chemical Senses Center reveals that women’s faces are rated as more attractive in the presence of pleasant odors. In contrast, odor pleasantness had less effect on the evaluation of age. The findings suggest that the use of scented products such as perfumes may, to some extent, alter how people perceive
Minority entrepreneurs face discrimination when seeking loans A disheartening new study from researchers at Utah State University, BYU and Rutgers University reveals that discrimination is still tainting the American Dream for minorities. The three-part research article, which appears online in the Journal of Consumer Research, finds that minorities seeking small business loans are treated differently than their white counterparts, despite having identical qualifications
Don’t blame Call of Duty for teenage suicide By Mark Griffiths, Nottingham Trent University A British coroner has sparked anxiety among parents by linking Call of Duty, one of the most popular video games in the world, to teenage suicide. John Pollard says Call of Duty has “figured in recent activity before death” in three or four of his inquests and that parents
Mass shooting bandwagon rolls past the bigger problems in mental health By Michael B Friedman, Columbia University Mass murders lead inevitably, if not entirely reasonably, to the question of what is wrong with the American mental health system and how it can be made better. This has happened most recently with the killings that took place in Isla Vista, California. It is important to note that
Study links unexpected death of a loved one with onset of psychiatric disorders The sudden loss of a loved one can trigger a variety of psychiatric disorders in people with no history of mental illness, according to researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues at Columbia’s School of Social Work and Harvard Medical School. While previous studies have suggested there is a link between
Nothing is Too Big for a Post-It: A Case Study Recently, a client came in completely overwhelmed*, and rightly so. She had a lot going on: divorce with legal challenges, recovery from an acute injury, inadequate pain management, catching up at work after missing several weeks due to said injury, dealing with the loss of a major support system, selling...
Unexpected death of a loved one linked to onset of psychiatric disorders The sudden loss of a loved one can trigger a variety of psychiatric disorders in people with no history of mental illness. While previous studies have suggested there is a link between sudden bereavement and an onset of common psychiatric disorders, this is the first study to show the association of acute bereavement and mania in a large population sample.
Tool to better screen, treat aneurysm patients New research may help physicians better understand the chronological development of a brain aneurysm. Simplified, a cerebral aneurysm is a blood-filled bulge formed in response to a weakness in the wall at branching brain arteries. If the bulge bursts, the person can undergo a brain hemorrhage, which is a subtype of stroke and a life-threatening condition.
Neural transplant reduces absence epilepsy seizures in mice The areas of the cerebral cortex that are affected in mice with absence epilepsy have been pinpointed by research that also shows that transplanting embryonic neural cells into these areas can alleviate symptoms of the disease by reducing seizure activity. Absence epilepsy primarily affects children. These seizures differ from "clonic-tonic" seizures in that they don't cause muscle spasms; rather, patients "zone out" or stare into space for a period of time, with no memory of the episode afterward.
'Free choice' in primates altered through brain stimulation When electrical pulses are applied to the ventral tegmental area of their brain, macaques presented with two images change their preference from one image to the other. The study is the first to confirm a causal link between activity in the ventral tegmental area and choice behavior in primates.
Unprecedented detail of intact neuronal receptor offers blueprint for drug developers Biologists have succeeded in obtaining an unprecedented view of a type of brain-cell receptor that is implicated in a range of neurological illnesses, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, depression, schizophrenia, autism, and ischemic injuries associated with stroke. The team's atomic-level picture of the intact NMDA receptor should serve as template and guide for the design of therapeutic compounds.
Do You Feel Like You're Not Sleeping, Even When You Are? Pseudoinsomnia is a sleep disorder, even though people who suffer from it appear to have perfectly normal sleep patterns. When pseudoinsomnicacs fall asleep every night, they feel as if they are lying awake, anxiously trying to get some rest. But they're not imagining things. They really do have an unusual form of insomnia....
Self-Talk Increases Success If You Use This One Trick Many of us use self-talk to manage anxiety provoking situations--but are we doing it correctly?