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Sunshine addiction is a hot topic – but does ‘tanorexia’ really exist? By Mark Griffiths, Nottingham Trent University If the many media reports are to be believed: “Sunshine can be addictive like heroin.” The claim comes via a study published in Cell based on an experiment carried out on mice at Harvard Medical School. Researchers found that ultraviolet light exposure leads to elevated endorphin levels – the [...]
Bullied in the Workplace? Don’t Lose Your Power by Emotional dumping is when you verbally offload the intense rage or fear you feel onto someone you think should care and fix it now. For example, if you’ve been the target of workplace bullying, you might spew forth your outrage onto human resources or senior managers. You might expect them...
Following direction: How neurons can tell top from bottom and front from back The question of how neurons and their axons establish spatial polarity and direction in tissues and organs is a fundamental question of any organism or biological system. Our cells and axons precisely orient themselves in response to external cues, but what are the core pathways and how are they integrated? Lead author Dr. Naomi Levy-Strumpf [...]
No evidence of long-term PTSD risk in patients with awareness during surgery Patients with confirmed episodes of awareness during anesthesia and surgery don’t seem to be at increased risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or other problems with psychosocial well-being at long-term follow-up, reports a study in Anesthesia & Analgesia. “We found no indication that intraoperative awareness with recall had any long-term effects on patients’ psychosocial outcome,” concludes [...]
Report shows citizen-designed county redistricting worked The citizen-designed redistricting plan for the Ventura County supervisorial districts has brought fairer representation, according to a study by a California Lutheran University professor published June 19 bySAGE Open, an open-access journal by SAGE. Gregory Freeland, chairman of the Department of Political Science, compared Ventura County supervisors’ decisions to their constituents’ votes on state propositions [...]
Gene critical for development of brain motor center found A research team describes a gene called Snf2h, which is found in our brain's neural stem cells and functions as a master regulator. When they removed this gene early on in a mouse's development, its cerebellum only grew to one-third the normal size. It also had difficulty walking, balancing and coordinating its movements, something called cerebellar ataxia that is a component of many neurodegenerative diseases.
Stanford scientists tie social behavior to activity in specific brain circuit A team of Stanford University investigators has linked a particular brain circuit to mammals’ tendency to interact socially. Stimulating this circuit — one among millions in the brain — instantly increases a mouse’s appetite for getting to know a strange mouse, while inhibiting it shuts down its drive to socialize with the stranger. The new [...]
Benefits of PTSD treatment going unmeasured, says Institute of Medicine Report A report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) finds that the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not measure the effectiveness of treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), calling into question millions of dollars spent to improve service members’ mental health. The report also found that neither agency [...]
Feel-good hormones could cause UV addiction Sun lovers eagerly flock to the beach every summer, despite widespread awareness of the risk of skin cancer. A study published June 19th by Cell Press in the journal Cell reveals that chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes the release of feel-good hormones called endorphins, which act through the same pathway as heroin and related drugs, [...]
Bipolar Parenting Project When I started searching for other Bipolar Parents a little more than two years ago, I never imagined I would be sitting where I am today. My search as many of you know came up null and void and I needed to find another way to reach out to other...
Why driving slowly and responsibly can actually be fun Car manufacturers are taking steps to make driving smart actually enjoyable and competitive.
Obsessing over your relationship may be bad for your sex life People in relationships who constantly question whether their partner loves them may have a condition known as relationship obsessive-compulsive disorder.
How new grads can cope with depression Many young people experience panic or depression following college graduation, especially if they don’t have set employment plans.
The Fundamental Attribution Error Interestingly, social psychologists have found that we make the fundamental attribution error (or FAE, as I have never heard it called) about other people and rarely ourselves. When we do things, we always have a good reason. It’s other people we see as defective.
The Good News About Being “In Transition”  It doesn’t have to be an ordeal. Webster defines “transition” as a passage or process of changing from one form to another. It has been said that we live in a time of transition, of rapid change, and things in our fast paced society don’t show signs of slowing down...
Drinking Alcohol Can Make Your Medication Ineffective Beer, wine or mixed drinks--they all can neutralize the positive effects of your anti-depressant or anti-anxiety medication....
5 Steps to Find Calm: An Interview with Robert Renowned psychiatrist Peter Kramer once said that the opposite of depression isn’t happiness. It’s resilience, the ability to bounce back from tragedy, to regain a healthy sense of perspective after traumatic or stressful experiences. In my recovery from depression and anxiety, it is calm — more than excitement or joy...
Take This Test And Find Out If You're A Fascist Ever worried you're a brutal dictator at heart? The F-Scale Test, put together in 1947, tests for these types of authoritarian personalities. But as the test eventually revealed, not all "authoritarian personalities" are going to take over their respective countries. Here's the problem with testing people for fascism....
Finding thoughts in speech: How human brain processes thoughts during natural communication For the first time, neuroscientists were able to find out how different thoughts are reflected in neuronal activity during natural conversations. They studied the link between speech, thoughts and brain responses.
Anxiety-like behavior in invertebrates opens research avenues For the first time, researchers have produced and observed anxiety-like behavior in crayfish, which disappears when a dose of anxiolytic is injected. This work shows that the neuronal mechanisms related to anxiety have been preserved throughout evolution. This analysis of ancestral behavior in a simple animal model opens up new avenues for studying the neuronal bases for this emotion. Anxiety can be defined as a behavioral response to stress, consisting in lasting apprehension of future events.