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An Unforgettable History of Mental Illness Mental illness affects each and every one of us. It has become one of the most emotionally charged topics of our current time. If you mention mental illness anywhere you are, you can expect someone to say “I have a loved one who struggles with…..,” or you could find yourself...
Can software suffer? The complicated ethics of brain emulation Scientists may be years away from successfully emulating a human or animal brain for research purposes, but the significant – and perhaps unexpected – ethical challenges such work presents have been outlined in a thought-provoking article.
The intertwined evolution of human brain and brawn The cognitive differences between humans and our closest living cousins, the chimpanzees, are staggeringly obvious. Although we share strong superficial physical similarities, we have been able to use our incredible mental abilities to construct civilisations and manipulate our environment to our will, allowing us to take over our planet and walk on the moon while
Investigating the pleasure centers of the brain: How reward signals are transmitted New research presented today by Dr. Jonathan Britt, from McGill University, helps to better understand how reward signals, such as those produced by addictive drugs, travel through the brain and modify brain circuits. Dr. Britt obtained these results using optogenetics, which use light-responsive proteins to study the activation of neural circuits in distinct locations, allowing
Making the right choices in changing circumstances: Cognitive flexibility in the brain Choosing what is best is not always simple. Should one choose a small, certain reward, or take risks and try to get a larger reward? New research by Stan Floresco, from the Brain Research Centre at the University of British Columbia sheds light on the brain circuits that interact to help us decide the best
New epilepsy treatment offers ‘on demand’ seizure suppression A new treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy with the potential to suppress seizures ‘on demand’ with a pill, similar to how you might take painkillers when you feel a headache coming on, has been developed by UCL (University College London) researchers funded by the Wellcome Trust. The treatment, described in Nature Communications, combines genetic and chemical approaches
Heavily decorated classrooms disrupt attention and learning in young children Maps, number lines, shapes, artwork and other materials tend to cover elementary classroom walls. However, new research from Carnegie Mellon University shows that too much of a good thing may end up disrupting attention and learning in young children. Published in Psychological Science, Carnegie Mellon’s Anna V. Fisher, Karrie E. Godwin and Howard Seltman looked at
Study: People attribute free will to the mind, not the soul Across the board, even if they believed in the concept of a soul, people in a new study ascribed free will based on down-to-Earth criteria: Did the actor in question have the capacity to make an intentional and independent choice? The study suggests that while grand metaphysical views of the universe remain common, they have
Many children affected by posttraumatic stress disorder after traffic accidents Nearly every third child in Sweden who is injured in traffic is subsequently affected by posttraumatic stress disorder. Every fifth child is still suffering from mental and psychosocial problems one year after the accident. These are the conclusions of a thesis submitted at the Sahlgrenska Academy, which shows also that only 6 out of 10
Seeing e-cigarette use encourages young adult tobacco users to light up Seeing people use electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) increases the urge to smoke among regular combustible cigarettes users, according to a new study of young adult smokers. This elevated desire is as strong as when observing someone smoking a regular cigarette, report scientists from the University of Chicago online, May 21, in Tobacco Control. The study is the
Recovery from sports-related concussion slower than believed Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy have shown that analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid after concussion can be used to determine the magnitude of brain injury and to follow its course. The studies show that recovery from concussion takes much longer time than previously known, and this may be of major significance for athletes of all
Spontaneous thoughts are perceived to reveal meaningful self-insight Spontaneous thoughts, intuitions, dreams and quick impressions. We all have these seemingly random thoughts popping into our minds on a daily basis. The question is what do we make of these unplanned, spur-of-the-moment thoughts? Do we view them as coincidental wanderings of a restless mind, or as revealing meaningful insight into ourselves? A research team
Dealing with stress: To cope or to quit? We all deal with stress differently. For many of us, stress is a great motivator, but for others, stress triggers depression. Researchers are actively working to understand how and why this debilitating mental disease develops. Today, a team of researchers reveals a major insight into the neuronal basis of depression. They have identified the group of neurons in the brain that determines how a mouse responds to stress -- whether with resilience or defeat.
Why Some Delusions Can Be So Persistent A delusion is defined as a firmly held belief or impression which is contradicted by reality or rational argument. As a person with schizophrenia, I’m more than familiar with delusional thinking. A major part of my experience living with the illness has taught me to be wary of any thought...
The 4-Step Path to Success Striving for success adds meaning to your life, coloring it with richness and depth. Working hard to accomplish a purpose can make you feel valuable and fill you with true satisfaction.   And although success can be different for each person, its vibrant effect is the same when you fight to achieve something you...
New system 'interrogates' and shows how the brain relearns Monitoring the rehabilitation of patients with neurological damage caused by a stroke, has encouraged scientists to work in the design and manufacture of a functional infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS -FD ) instrument capable of identifying the affected areas of the brain and the sites that were activated while analyzing the oxygen content in blood flow during therapy.
Should You Be a Stay-at-Home Parent? A college friend wanted to know: would she be happy if she decided to leave her job right now to focus on, as we say these days, “staying home”?
Traditional Wisdom & Depression Traditional Jewish wisdom identifies depression, its causes, and potential healing methods....
Learning early in life may help keep brain cells alive: Brain cells survive in young who master a task Using your brain -- particularly during adolescence -- may help brain cells survive and could impact how the brain functions after puberty. Scientists have found that the newborn brain cells in young rats that were successful at learning survived while the same brain cells in animals that didn't master the task died quickly.
Compassion Made Simple When you’re focused on any activity, whether it’s your email, listening to a friend or sitting in a formal meditation practice, your mind is bound to wander. In The Now Effect I introduce the phrase “See, Touch, Go” as a way to remember how to work with the wandering mind....