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Taming neural excitations: Controlling harmful signals such as those in strokes What do lasers, neural networks, and spreading epidemics have in common? They share a most basic feature whereby an initial pulse can propagate through a medium – be it physical, biological or socio-economic, respectively. The challenge is to gain a better understanding – and eventually control  – of such systems, allowing them to be applied, for [...]The post Taming neural excitations: Controlling harmful signals such as those in strokes appeared first on PsyPost.
Movements help measure child sleep problems New research from the University of Adelaide has helped to shed light on the complexities of child sleep, and could lead to improved diagnosis of children with sleep-related breathing problems. For his PhD in the University’s School of Medical Sciences, Scott Coussens has been investigating how to accurately measure the level of sleep disturbance being [...]The post Movements help measure child sleep problems appeared first on PsyPost.
Scientists detect brain network that gives humans superior reasoning skills When it comes to getting out of a tricky situation, we humans have an evolutionary edge over other primates. Take, as a dramatic example, the Apollo 13 voyage in which engineers, against all odds, improvised a chemical filter on a lunar module to prevent carbon dioxide buildup from killing the crew. UC Berkeley scientists have [...]The post Scientists detect brain network that gives humans superior reasoning skills appeared first on PsyPost.
Experiments Show That A Jury Cannot "Disregard" Testimony A psychology experiment recruited mock jurors to read through a transcript of a murder trial. After a key piece of evidence came up in court, the jury was told to "disregard" it, just the way they might in a real trial. That's where the problems started....
Can New York City Fix Its Mental Health Treatment New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio believes he can fix New York City’s terrible problem within its criminal justice system and its poor treatment (and mistreatment) of people with mental illness. He’s putting some much-needed money where his mouth is — $130 million, to be specific. The money will...
Resist the temptation: Check email less to reduce stress, study finds Is your inbox burning you out? Then take heart – research from the University of British Columbia suggests that easing up on email checking can help reduce psychological stress. Some of the study’s 124 adults — including students, financial analysts medical professionals and others — were instructed to limit checking email to three times daily [...]The post Resist the temptation: Check email less to reduce stress, study finds appeared first on PsyPost.
Brain activity after smokers quit predicts chances of relapsing Quitting smoking sets off a series of changes in the brain that Penn Medicine researchers say may better identify smokers who will start smoking again–a prediction that goes above and beyond today’s clinical or behavioral tools for assessing relapse risk. Reporting in a new study published this week in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, James Loughead, PhD, [...]The post Brain activity after smokers quit predicts chances of relapsing appeared first on PsyPost.
People in unhappy places are depressed more than a week a month People in the country’s unhappiest communities spend about a quarter of the month so far down in the dumps that it can harm their productivity, according to economists. “This is a real concern not just in the United States, but across the world,” said Stephan Goetz, professor of agricultural economics and regional economics, Penn State, [...]The post People in unhappy places are depressed more than a week a month appeared first on PsyPost.
Computer-based approach to treating anxiety may reduce suicide risk A group of psychology researchers at Florida State University have developed a simple computer-based approach to treating anxiety sensitivity, something that could have major implications for veterans and other groups who are considered at risk for suicide. “We have been using computer-delivered interventions for many years now in an effort to more efficiently deliver effective [...]The post Computer-based approach to treating anxiety may reduce suicide risk appeared first on PsyPost.
Alcohol Abuse during the Holidays Alcohol Abuse during the Holidays The holiday season is upon us and alcohol is frequently more visible and free flowing during this time.  Exactly where the line is between heavy drinking and clinical alcoholism can be vague. A new study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found a...
Brain injury researchers find retrieval practice improves memory in youth with tbi Brain injury researchers have identified retrieval practice as a useful strategy for improving memory among children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury, researchers have found. Difficulties with memory and learning are common after TBI in childhood. To improve academic achievement and long-term outcomes such as employment, effective neurorehabilitative strategies need to be identified, they note.
Brain network detected that gives humans superior reasoning skills When it comes to getting out of a tricky situation, we humans have an evolutionary edge over other primates. Scientists have found mounting brain evidence that helps explain how humans have excelled at 'relational reasoning,' a cognitive skill in which we discern patterns and relationships to make sense of seemingly unrelated information.
Barrier-breaking drug may lead to spinal cord injury treatments Injections of a new drug may partially relieve paralyzing spinal cord injuries, based on indications from a study in rats. Every year, tens of thousands of people are paralyzed by spinal cord injuries. The injuries crush and sever the long axons of spinal cord nerve cells, blocking communication between the brain and the body and resulting in paralysis below the injury. On a hunch, researchers came up with the idea of designing a drug that would help axons regenerate without having to touch the healing spinal cord, as current treatments may require. The results, they say, are "amazing."
Why Romantic Relaitonships Fail: reason #1 Have you had multiple partners, but the basic dynamic between you and them remains the same, which in short is this—you don’t get what you need? Somehow you keep making the same mistake, either choosing the wrong person or looking for the wrong thing from the person you choose. There...
Why Romantic Relationships Fail: reason #1 Have you had multiple partners, but the basic dynamic between you and them remains the same, which in short is this—you don’t get what you want? Somehow you keep making the same mistake, either choosing the wrong person or looking for the wrong thing from the person you choose. There...
Shake it Off: Overcoming Adversity One day a farmer’s donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried wretchedly for hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to do. Finally he decided the animal was old and the well needed to be covered up anyway, it just wasn’t worth it to retrieve the donkey....
Holiday Survival When Anxious or Depressed For those of us who suffer from anxiety or depression, the holiday season can prove especially challenging. The juxtaposition of unhappy thoughts alongside the cheery Christmas music, nostalgic movies dripping with holiday sentimentality, and advertisements displaying jubilant people celebrating the season can make us feel even worse. The American Psychological...
10 Ways Highly Successful People Handle Stress Have you ever wondered how highly successful people are able to remain calm during periods of high stress? Are you curious about why some individuals seem to have a “chip” that allows them to keep cool during times of crisis? Is there a part of you that wishes you could...
Brain activity after smokers quit predicts chances of relapsing, suggests study Quitting smoking sets off a series of changes in the brain that researchers say may better identify smokers who will start smoking again—a prediction that goes above and beyond today’s clinical or behavioral tools for assessing relapse risk.
Taming neural excitations: Pulses might one day lead to controlling harmful signals such as those in strokes What do lasers, neural networks, and spreading epidemics have in common? They share a most basic feature whereby an initial pulse can propagate through a medium - be it physical, biological or socio-economic, respectively. The challenge is to gain a better understanding - and eventually control - of such systems, allowing them to be applied, for instance to real neural systems. This is the objective of a new theoretical study.