|You Can Become a Better Person (Day Seven: Twelve Days of
||It’s not about how to achieve your dreams. It’s about how to lead your life. If you lead your life the right way, the karma will take care of itself. The dreams will come to you. -Randy Pausch I make my living working with kids, and it’s my impression that...
|Learning from Abusive Relationships
||Relationships are hard for everyone, but especially for survivors of child abuse. Before I started my recovery work, I spent years in relationships that were obviously abusive and damaging to my emotional wellness, but I was too blinded by my own trauma to see it. My family had always taught...
|The Benefits of Positive Communication
||The wrong kind of talking can be more destructive than no talking at all. Positive communication is informed, relevant, and beneficial. Negative communication is defensive, discouraging and unproductive. Positive communication helps in several specific practical ways: 1. Whether we know it or not, it takes a certain amount of energy...
|Tracking subtle brain mutations, systematically
||DNA sequences were once thought to be identical from cell to cell, but it's increasingly understood that mutations can arise during brain development that affect only certain groups of brain cells. A new technique allows these subtle mutation patterns to be traced and mapped spatially for the first time.
|Brain imaging may help predict future behavior
||Noninvasive brain scans have led to basic science discoveries about the human brain, but they've had only limited impacts on people's day-to-day lives. A review article highlights a number of recent studies showing that brain imaging can help predict an individual's future learning, criminality, health-related behaviors, and response to drug or behavioral treatments. The technology may offer opportunities to personalize educational and clinical practices.
|Physical recovery in critically ill patients can predict remission of anxiety, PTSD symptoms
||Better physical functioning — basic and complex activities considered essential for maintaining independence — is associated with remission of general anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, a two-year longitudinal study involving 13 intensive care units in four U.S. hospitals has found.
|Genetics in depression: What's known, what's next
||Even with modern genomewide analysis techniques, it has proven difficult to identify genetic factors affecting risk for depression, according to a new review article. "Given the established heritability of depression, there is every reason to expect that with larger studies we will be able to identify genetic loci," said one author. "Identifying ways to generate these larger samples is one of the many challenges before us."
|Should Your Therapist Poke His/Her Nose Into Your Personal
||How personal should therapy actually get? Should you withhold some information from your therapist? How do you know?...
|Yoga: A treatment for grief?
||The practice may help people heal from the inside and out when coping with loss.
|Jealousy: One more way men and women are different
||How one reacts to being cheated on in a relationship is heavily dependent on one's sex.
|Music lessons spur emotional and behavioral growth in children
||Study shows music training not only helps children develop fine motor skills, but also aids emotional and behavioral maturation.
|The Mental Quality Which Helps Protect Against Schizophrenia
Contrary to conventional wisdom, this mental quality protects against severe mental illness.
Dr Jeremy Dean is a psychologist and author of PsyBlog. His latest book is
"Making Habits, Breaking Habits: How to Make Changes That Stick"
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|Social-Emotional Learning: Why Now?
||Social-emotional learning (SEL) is spreading like wildfire—and not just in the United States. Countries such as the U.K., Singapore, and China are starting to implement SEL in their schools as well.
Why now? Why all of a sudden are schools all over the world taking notice of SEL?
Many reasons exist why a school might adopt SEL, all of which have been validated by research: to increase academic success and, somewhat ironically, to lower the stress-levels of students as they strive towards that success; to prevent negative behaviors such as drug use, violence, and bullying; to equip students with the “soft skills” they will need in today’s work environment; and to promote positive relationships and attitudes about school.
No one would disagree that these are all really great reasons for teaching students social and emotional skills.
Yet a closer examination of the science behind SEL reveals a story of human development that suggests an even deeper reason for implementing it —one that goes beyond teaching these skills solely to remedy our social ills or to enhance academic success. Rather, the science of SEL has the potential to alter how we view ourselves as human beings and hence, our purpose of education.
Our Altruistic Side
In his book Born to Be Good, UC Berkeley professor Dacher Keltner counters the centuries-old argument that we are hard-wired for selfishness, making us naturally competitive as we strive to satisfy our self-serving desires. Instead, Keltner makes the case based on research in psychology, sociology, and neuroscience that we are also wired for good. More specifically, he looks at the science of emotions and how positive emotions such as compassion and awe are contagious and help to bring out the good not only in ourselves, but in others as well. “The origins of human goodness,” writes Keltner, “are rooted in our emotion, and these social instincts may be stronger than those of any other instinct or motive.”
Some of the most compelling proof that we are wired for altruism, kindness, and compassion comes from numerous studies that demonstrate children as young as 14 months have innate altruistic tendencies, well before socialization can have a major influence on their development.
For example, psychologists Felix Warneken from Harvard and Michael Tomasello from the Max Planck Institute in Germany found that 18-month olds will, without prompting, readily help another person. In one experiment, a toddler opened a cupboard for Warneken who, while carrying a stack of books, indicated non-verbally that he wanted to place the books in the cupboard but could not do so because his hands were full. In another study, the toddlers disengaged from playing with a toy to help the adult in the room, suggesting that they were motivated to help even though it required effort on his or her part.
Relevant to Keltner’s work, another group of researchers found that toddlers’ happiness levels increased significantly when they gave away one of their own treats rather than a treat that belonged to another person. In other words, these children may have been motivated to help, not because someone told them to, but because it felt good. Moreover, another experiment found that 20-month-olds who were offered a reward for helping behavior were less likely to help again than those who didn’t receive a reward.
All of these studies clearly support Keltner’s proposition that we are wired for good and that our altruistic, compassionate tendencies may be motivated, in part, by positive emotions elicited through our interactions with others.
Cultivating our innate goodness
So what happens to these altruistic tendencies? Given the state of the world with its ills too numerous to list, why does it seem that our competitive, selfish side rules the day? The answer lies in which aspect—selfish or altruistic—gets cultivated through our environment, our interactions with people such as teachers, parents, and friends, and our personal choices. In schools, for example, testing practices, punitive teacher evaluations, and university admissions processes fuel our competitive self-interests.
But this is where SEL can start to shift the tide as fostering social and emotional skills helps to build classroom and school environments that bring out our innate altruism. At the core of SEL is cultivating our self-awareness, which begins with an understanding of emotions. According to leading emotions expert Richard Davidson, our emotions work with our cognition in a seamless and integrated way to help us navigate the classroom, workplace, our relationships, and the decisions we make in life.
Over the last ten years, emotion researchers have found that negative emotions close us off, making us less resilient and unable to relate with and connect to others; whereas positive emotions such as gratitude, tranquility, love, and joy come with a myriad of benefits, including an expansion of our hearts and minds that helps us to see our common humanity.
The goal, however, is not to feel positive emotions all the time, but rather to understand how emotions, both negative and positive, impact us. Thus, if we can become aware of our emotions and learn to work with them in a healthy way – to see them as information rather than as overpowering responses that control our actions – then we can choose to respond to situations in a manner that brings out the good in us and in others. Instead of acting out of fear, hate, and anger, we can take a deep breath and try to empathize with what the other person is feeling or experiencing and then make the choice to respond with care.
As we grow in awareness of our own emotions, we are better able to recognize and understand others’ emotions, which will also help us to express more compassion—one of the more compelling positive emotions and a key outcome of SEL. Scientists have found that when we feel compassion, regions of the brain linked to empathy, caregiving, and feelings of pleasure light up, thus further encouraging us to help others. The boost of positive emotions that comes from acting compassionately motivates us to continue doing so in the future. We also know from research that compassion is contagious: when people see us caring, they want to follow in kind.
A paradigm shift in education
The skills taught through SEL, all of which benefit ourselves and others, ultimately help us to cultivate more positive emotions. As we begin to know through personal experience how much better it feels to be kind and helpful than to be a “pig pen,” spreading our negativity to those around us, we will begin to shift how we view ourselves as human beings. When that happens, we will identify less with the self-centered, selfish side that wreaks havoc in the world, and more with our innate altruistic side that, for lack of a better phrase, makes the world a better place for us and others.
This is when we will begin to see a paradigm shift in the purpose of education. Instead of using education as a tool to satisfy our self-serving, competitive needs—such as making as much money as possible, particularly through unethical means and to the detriment of others—education will be seen as a tool to serve the greater good. Our educational practices and environments will shift towards nurturing the long-term well-being and happiness of students who, through their own experience of being cared for, will naturally care for those around them. And students who understand how to care for themselves and others will be better equipped to care for the world.
It may seem like a cliché, but science is proving Gandhi right: “We must be the change we wish to see in the world.” This deeper scientific understanding of who we are as human beings shows us that at our core, we have tremendous capacity for goodness. But it’s up to our schools, our families, our workplaces, our communities, and each individual to act upon that capacity—a beautiful possibility, indeed.
A slightly different version of this piece originally appeared in Southeast Education Network Magazine.
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||Inflammation plays a role in learning and memory loss that can result from brain injury or disease, and researchers now have evidence that neurons may be suffering from too much gas and too little food.
|Help Plan or Attend One of Our 20th Anniversary
||We’re in the midst of our planning for some fun 20th anniversary celebrations this summer, both across the U.S. and around the world, as 2015 marks our 20th year online. (Yes, in Internet time, we are old.) We’re planning meetups, contests, give-aways and more. But we need your help! Please...
|Opposable Thumbs, Unopposed Focus
||Got 6 minutes to kill? Watch this ordinary miracle. (If this video is legit and not edited) it is the most amazing thing I’ve seen in a long while – not in terms of the visual effects, of course, but in terms of the implications of the highly nuanced consciousness that is...
|Networks of the brain reflect the individual gender identity
||Our sense of belonging to the male or female gender is an inherent component of the human identity perception. As a general rule, gender identity and physical sex coincide. If this is not the case, one refers to trans-identity or transsexuality. In a current study, brain researchers were able to demonstrate that the very personal gender identity of every human being is reflected and verifiable in the cross-links between brain regions.
|Two brain regions join forces for absolute pitch
||People who have "absolute pitch" can identify notes immediately without relying on a reference tone. Intensive research is being conducted into the neuronal basis of this extraordinary ability. The researchers have now detected a close functional link between the auditory cortex in the brain and the frontal lobe in these extraordinary people -- a discovery that is not only important in theory, but also in practice.
|Smile to remember a smile: Facial expression used to help recall emotion
||We use facial expression to help recall an emotion, researchers say. A new study shows that in order to recall an emotion (positive or negative) we “re-enact” the motor sequence of the facial expression corresponding to that emotion. In other words: when remembering a smile, we smile.
|Having a hard time focusing? Research identifies complex of neurons crucial to controlling attention
||Our ability to pay attention to certain things while ignoring distractions determines how good we are at a given task, whether it is driving a car or doing brain surgery. Researchers for the first time convincingly identified a network of neurons in a particular area of the brain, the lateral prefrontal cortex, that interact with one another to promptly filter visual information while at the same time ignoring distractions. It's a discovery with potentially far reaching implications for people who suffer from diseases such as autism, ADHD and schizophrenia