|Infants’ superior perception linked to later autism symptoms
||People with autism are often described as “seeing the world differently.” They tend to show superior perception for details, like, for example, the autistic artist Stephen Wiltshire’s highly accurate representations of cityscapes drawn from memory. Now, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on June 11 show that those differences in perceptual skill [...]
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|Noninvasive brain stimulator may ease Parkinson’s symptoms in a patient’s home
||Parkinson’s disease patients whose symptoms such as tremor, muscle stiffness and slowed movement make it tough to hold an eating utensil steady have few options for relief outside of a hospital or clinic. Medication can help, but over time it tends to become less effective. To give these patients another in-home option, Johns Hopkins graduate [...]
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|Study finds decreased social anxiety among young adults who eat fermented foods
||Psychologists have traditionally looked to the mind to help people living with mental health issues. But a recent study led by William & Mary researchers shows that the stomach may also play a key role, suggesting that the old adage “you are what you eat” is more than a cliché. W&M Psychology Professors Matthew Hilimire [...]
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|Keys to a Happy Relationship: Effective Repairs During Conflict
||Married At First Sight, Australia’s most recent reality show, has been declared a ratings success in spite of the controversy that the show attracted prior to being aired. It is little wonder, given that human beings are ‘wired’ for relationship and as such, long for and pursue the relationship that will meet their need for […]
|Aggressive or Assertive? How to Be Yourself Without Pushing...
||Have you ever been told you need to be more assertive? Do your needs get bulldozed or do you often capitulate to keep the peace? Sure, we would all love to be more self-confident, but there’s a fine line in between being firm about our needs … ...
|The less intelligent are more fertile — so why aren’t humans becoming dumber over time?
||A new test of 5.9 million texts spanning years 1850 to 2005 suggests that genetic factors of intelligence have been declining as environmental influences have been improving. In a new study led by Michael A. Woodley of Menie, of the Technische Universitat Chemnitz, Germany, and the Vrije Universiteit, Belgium, researchers assessed the changing prevalence of [...]
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|Movement in ADHD may help children think, perform better in school
||The constant movement of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be distracting — but the fidgeting also may improve their cognitive performance, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found. The study of pre-teens and teenagers with ADHD examined how movement — its intensity and frequency — correlated with accuracy on [...]
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|Stanford scientists find genetic basis of brain networks seen in imaging studies
||A new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine found that synchronized physiological interactions between remote brain regions have genetic underpinnings. The research was performed at Stanford but was made possible by collaborations with the Seattle-based Allen Institute for Brain Science and the IMAGEN Consortium, a multicenter European project, said the study’s [...]
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|Study unites neuroscience and psychology to paint more complete picture of sleep and memory
||In Macbeth, Shakespeare describes sleep as “the death of each day’s life,” but he may have gotten it wrong. Sleep, as it turns out, may be the one thing that keeps our memories alive and intact. A new study from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) integrates neuroscience and psychological research to [...]
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|Large doses of antioxidants may be harmful to neuronal stem cells
||Stem cells are especially sensitive to oxygen radicals and antioxidants shows new research from the group of Anu Wartiovaara in the Molecular Neurology Research Program of University of Helsinki. The research led by researcher Riikka Martikainen was published in Cell Reports on May 28, 2015. Mitochondria are cellular power plants that use oxygen to produce energy. [...]
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|Molecular modeling of novel potent agents for treating Alzheimer’s disease
||Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a severe form of dementia among aged individuals, is caused by accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptides in the brain. Numerous types of agents have been developed to suppress the production of Aβ, by inhibiting the secretase-mediated cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) into Aβ peptides. However, because the secretases also play important [...]
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|Study shows first signs that ADHD drug may improve cognitive difficulties in menopausal women
||According to a new study, women experiencing difficulty with time management, attention, organization, memory, and problem solving – often referred to as executive functions – related to menopause may find improvement with a drug already being used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine [...]
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|Twitter data may help shed light on sleep disorders
||Researchers from Boston Children’s Hospital and Merck have built the beginnings of “digital phenotype” of insomnia and other sleep disorders based on data from Twitter. This study, published today in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is one of the first to look at relationships between social media use and sleep issues, and–based on assessments [...]
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|College students who binge drink have more delayed sleep timing
||A new study suggests that students who initiate and/or continue drinking and engage in binge drinking in college have more delayed sleep timing and more variable sleep schedules. Results show that heavier drinkers had later bedtimes and rise times, and more day-to-day variability in sleep length, bedtime and rise time. “These data indicate that students [...]
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|Why it is Good to Go It Alone
||Worries about what others will think can keep us couch bound. But you may be surprised what happens when you head out for some fun on your own.
|Infants' superior perception linked to later autism symptoms
||People with autism are often described as 'seeing the world differently.' They tend to show superior perception for details, like, for example, the autistic artist Stephen Wiltshire's highly accurate representations of cityscapes drawn from memory. Now, researchers show that those differences in perceptual skill are present very early in infancy, before the onset of clinical symptoms of autism.
|Unique role of nerve cells in body’s use of energy
||While it is well-known that weight gain results from an imbalance between what we eat and our energy expenditure, not so obvious is the role the nervous system plays in controlling energy balance. Scientists have shed light on the question.
|Scientists find way to disrupt brain tumor stem cells
||Brain tumor stem cells can resist treatment and regrow tumors, but scientists have identified a vulnerability in these cells that could lead to a new approach in battling deadly brain tumors.
|Virtual reality sheds new light on how we navigate in the dark
||A series of immersive virtual reality experiments has confirmed that the human brain's internal navigation system works in the same fashion as the grid cell system recently found in other mammals.
|Why Some People Don’t Know Who They Are
||Has a client ever struggled with answering a simple open ended question such as, “Tell me about yourself?” Perhaps they look like a deer caught in the headlights, responding with … ...