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NASA explains: What happens when your brain can’t tell which way is up? In space, there is no “up” or “down.” That can mess with the human brain and affect the way people move and think in space. An investigation on the International Space Station seeks to understand how the brain changes in space and ways to deal with those changes. Previous research and first-hand reports suggest that [...]
In women, childhood head injury could lead to alcohol abuse later in life Girls who suffer a concussive bump on the head in childhood could be at increased risk for abusing alcohol as adults, a new study suggests. The research in mice found that females with a mild closed-head brain injury were more likely to misuse alcohol later in life and associate drinking with reward and pleasure. This [...]
Optical coherence tomography: Noninvasive imaging method looks deeper inside the brain Researchers at the University of Washington (UW) have used a noninvasive light-based imaging technology to literally see inside the living brain, providing a new tool to study how diseases like dementia, Alzheimer’s, and brain tumors change brain tissue over time. The work is reported by Woo June Choi and Ruikang Wang of the UW Department [...]
Imaging study demonstrates how the ‘social brain’ is functionally impaired in autism A team of UCLA scientists has found that brain areas linked to social behaviors are both underdeveloped and insufficiently networked in youths with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to study participants without ASD. The findings, which appear in the online issue of the peer-reviewed journal Brain and Behavior, provide insight into how the [...]
Psychologists find that you may be musical and not even know it The old adage says practice makes perfect, but a new study from the University of Cambridge has shown that personality also plays a key role in musical ability, even for those who do not play an instrument. In a study published this week in the Journal of Research in Personality, a team of psychologists identified [...]
Research shows diversity can improve stores’ sales performance Matching levels of racial diversity between store employees and the surrounding community impacts the store unit’s sales performance, according to a new study from the Naveen Jindal School of Management at UT Dallas. The study merges two opposing views on diversity in the workplace, said Dr. Orlando Richard, associate professor of organizations, strategy and international [...]
In a negative emotional climate, romantic partners may miss attempts to warm things up A new University of Illinois study reports that when conflict occurs in romantic relationships, the negative emotional climate that results hinders a person’s ability to recognize their partner’s attempts to reach out to them. “When we evaluate relationship maintenance in couples, the important measure is not what’s actually happening in the relationship but how those [...]
How the brain controls sleep Neuroscientists have discovered a brain circuit that can trigger small regions of the brain to fall asleep or become less alert, while the rest of the brain remains awake. The researchers believe this may help the brain consolidate new memories by coordinating slow waves between different parts of the brain, allowing them to share information more easily.
Schizophrenia symptoms linked to features of brain's anatomy? Using advanced brain imaging, researchers have matched certain behavioral symptoms of schizophrenia to features of the brain's anatomy. The findings could be a step toward improving diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia.
Banishing Failure by Changing Your Perception A world full of black and white with no grays would be a simpler world sometimes. Take math, for instance. There really is no gray area with math. Math is like reality television. Some people love it. Most people disdain it. Everyone sort of tolerates … ...
When To Quit Your Day Job To Write Full... So, in When To Quit Your Day Job To Write Full Time, Part 1 we discussed the fact that, oddly, many Pulitzer Prize Winning, and even Nobel Prize winning writers … ...
Boosting the brain's waste disposal system Researchers have been investigating the extent to which macrophages, a type of phagocytic immune cell, might be used to eliminate the abnormal protein deposits typically found in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
Eating better, but feeling worse You’re on a quest to eat better because you know you’ll not only feel better physically, but mentally. You’ve heard the stories of how juicing or the Paleo diet or … ...
Nonmedical prescription opioid use disorders, deaths increase in the US From 2003 to 2013, the percentage of nonmedical use of prescription opioids decreased among adults in the U.S., while the prevalence of prescription opioid use disorders, frequency of use, and related deaths increased, according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA. Since 1999, the United States has experienced increases in illness and [...]
Possible new treatment for neurodegenerative diseases found Researchers at the University of Liverpool have found that a well-established anti-epileptic drug could also be used as a treatment for neurodegenerative diseases. Neurodegeneration involves the progressive loss of nerve structure and function and is a common characteristic of several conditions, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s. Such diseases are presently incurable. Researchers from the University’s [...]
Schizophrenia symptoms linked to abnormalities in brain’s corpus callosum Using advanced brain imaging, researchers have matched certain behavioral symptoms of schizophrenia to features of the brain’s anatomy. The findings, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, could be a step toward improving diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia. The study, available online in the journal NeuroImage, will appear in print Oct. 15. “By looking [...]
Cultural blunders make people better thinkers Halloween-decorated plates at a Labor Day party. A bride in a green gown with her groom in a purple tuxedo and no wedding party. An obituary that declares of the deceased: “Regina had no hobbies, made no contribution to society, and rarely shared a kind word or deed in her life.” These cultural faux pas [...]
Inhalant use linked to head injuries, traumatic experiences and mental illness Incarcerated youth who have suffered head injuries, traumatic experiences and mental illness diagnoses are more likely to abuse multiple inhalants, according to researchers at Georgia State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The findings published in the journal PLOS One in Sept. report that severe polyinhalant users had more than double [...]
How your brain’s thalamic reticular nucleus controls sleep Sleep is usually considered an all-or-nothing state: The brain is either entirely awake or entirely asleep. However, MIT neuroscientists have discovered a brain circuit that can trigger small regions of the brain to fall asleep or become less alert, while the rest of the brain remains awake. This circuit originates in a brain structure known [...]
Study underscores need to assess behavioral sequelae of TBI Rsearchers assessed moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) for frontal behavioral syndromes and cognitive function. Their finding suggest that adding the Frontal Systems Behavior Scale to neuropsychological assessment may yield useful information about the behavioral sequelae of TBI.