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Strengthen Your Marriage: Communication A strong marriage is vital to the success of blended families. With unique stressors there is a likelihood of higher levels of conflict in the home and within the marriage, but … ...
Neuroscientists uncover brain abnormalities responsible for tinnitus and chronic pain Neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center and Germany’s Technische Universität München say they’ve uncovered the brain malady responsible for tinnitus and for chronic pain — the uncomfortable, sometimes agonizing sensations that persist long after an initial injury. In the October issue of Trends in Cognitive Sciences, researchers say identifying the problem is the first step [...]
Liquid crystals show potential for detection of neuro-degenerative disease Liquid crystals are familiar to most of us as the somewhat humdrum stuff used to make computer displays and TVs. Even for scientists, it has not been easy to find other ways of using them. Now a group of researchers at the University of Chicago’s Institute for Molecular Engineering (IME) is putting liquid crystals to [...]
Connecting Alzheimer’s disease and the immune system The role of the immune system in Alzheimer’s disease is a hot topic, but exactly how the two are connected and what interventions could help lower risk remain a mystery. In a new study published in Nature Neuroscience this week, researchers in the Ann Romney Center for Neurologic Diseases at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) [...]
‘Connectome’ study finds particular brain connections linked to positive behaviors There is a strong correspondence between a particular set of connections in the brain and positive lifestyle and behaviour traits, according to a new study by Oxford University researchers. A team of scientists led by the University’s Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain has investigated the connections in the brains of 461 people and [...]
Cognitive behavior therapy intervention effective for depression but not self-care for heart failure A cognitive behavior therapy intervention that targeted both depression and heart failure self-care was effective for depression but not for heart failure self-care or physical functioning compared to enhanced usual care, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine. Major depression is a common co-existing illness in heart failure (HF). Depression and inadequate [...]
Monkeys and humans see visual illusions in similar way, study finds Monkeys perceive visual illusions in the same way great apes and humans see them, according to researchers at Georgia State University. The findings, published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition in August, indicate humans and monkeys perceive and misperceive the world similarly, which reflects resemblances in these species’ perceptual systems and [...]
Children with ADHD and their mothers may live shorter than average population Psychiatric disorders like Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) impact family’s emotions and social life. It is well known. What is new is that this condition also affects the DNA of patients and their parents. Brazilian scientists from the D’Or Institute of Research and Education (IDOR) and the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) found that [...]
The citizen and the embryo: Birth weight affects social trust, Danish study shows How much does your baby weigh? All new parents are familiar with that question. Perhaps their reply is more important than we realize. Birth weight affects how much trust an individual will have in other people in his adult life. Trust, in turn, is the glue that prevents society from falling apart. This phenomenon is [...]
Men more likely to be seen as ‘creative thinkers’ People tend to associate the ability to think creatively with stereotypical masculine qualities, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings suggest that the work and achievements of men tend to be evaluated as more creative than similar work and achievements produced by women. “Our [...]
Two-drug combination helps older adults with hard-to-treat depression More than half of older adults with clinical depression don’t get better when treated with an antidepressant. But results from a multicentre clinical trial, including researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, indicate that adding a second drug – an antipsychotic medication – to the treatment regimen helps many of [...]
How sign language users learn intonation A spoken language is more than just words and sounds. Speakers use changes in pitch and rhythm, known as prosody, to provide emphasis, show emotion, and otherwise add meaning to what they say. But a language does not need to be spoken to have prosody: sign languages, such as American Sign Language (ASL), use movements, [...]
A Lesson in Happiness and Love I Learned from Rob Lowe I’m not a particular fan (or not) of Rob Lowe, but several people had recommended his memoir, Stories I Only Tell My Friends, so I decided to read it. It was very interesting for many reasons, and I was particularly struck by a story Lowe … ...
Know Thyself: How to Develop Self-Awareness Self-awareness can change your life. Here are three ways to develop it further.
Early exposure to tobacco as a cause of behavioral problems in children Researchers from Inserm and Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC), in collaboration with the university hospitals of 6 French cities, have analysed data on pre- and postnatal exposure to tobacco in the homes of 5,200 primary school children. They show that this exposure is associated with a risk of behavioural disorders in children, particularly emotional [...]
The word ‘breakthrough’ dramatically affects perceptions of a new drug’s effectiveness When it comes to our perception of a new drug’s benefits and effectiveness, “breakthrough” just may be the “magic” word. Dartmouth Institute researchers Lisa Schwartz and Steven Woloshin and Tamar Krishnamurtia and Baruch Fischhoff from Carnegie Mellon University, took a look at how catchphrases such as “breakthrough” and “promising” affect public perception of a new [...]
Increased Internet access led to a rise in racial hate crimes in the early 2000s New research from Carlson School of Management Professor Jason Chan and NYU Stern Professors Anindya Ghose and Robert Seamans finds that broadband availability increased the incidence of racial hate crimes committed by lone-wolf perpetrators in the United States during the period 2001-2008. The addition of a single broadband provider led to as much as a [...]
Finding about how water gets into neurons provides new treatment targets for deadly brain swelling High-efficiency transporters that work like a shuttle system to constantly move ions into and out of neurons appear to slam into reverse following a stroke or other injury and start delivering instead too much water, scientists have found. It’s called spreading depolarization, a wave of death that can follow a stroke or traumatic brain injury, [...]
Decision aids help patients with depression feel better about medication choices Choosing the right antidepressant can be a daunting task. With so many choices and such unpredictability in their individual effects, patients with depression often spend months or years casting about for the right medication, while clinicians are often uneasy or unwilling to offer options other than their preferred prescriptions. A new study from Mayo Clinic [...]
4 Great Books About Trauma That You Didn’t Know... I’ve been reading a lot of really good books lately that are teaching me things about trauma and I can’t resist the urge to pass along some of their wisdom. … ...