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New insights into REM sleep crack an enduring mystery REM sleep -- the phase of night-time mammalian sleep physiology where dreams occur -- has long fascinated scientists, clinicians, philosophers, and artists alike, but the identity of the neurons that control REM sleep, and its function in sleep have been controversial due to a lack of precise genetic methods to study the sleeping brain. Now, in a remarkable demonstration of a recent brain technology, neuroscientists provide the first answers to both questions, identifying a neural circuit in the brain that regulates REM sleep, and showing that REM sleep controls the physiology of the other major sleep phase, called non-REM (NREM) sleep.
Learning to be Assertive Instead of Passive-Aggressive It’s so frustrating. It’s mind-boggling. It’s anger-provoking. It’s disingenuous. Passive-aggressive behavior is all of these things and more. So why do good people resort to such relationship-damaging behavior? And why is it so hard for them to change? Here are three reasons why passive-aggressive behavior … ...
Navigating Criticism about Your Creative Work I’ve always thought that I had to listen to criticism and correct myself accordingly. That this is simply the right thing to do. I think this partially stems from being … ...
The Experimenter It is both the strength and the weakness of this film that it brings to life what 'every student knows' in a way that is both compelling and entertaining.
Alzheimer's disease: Plaques impair memory formation during sleep Alzheimer's patients frequently suffer from sleep disorders, mostly even before they become forgetful. Furthermore, it is known that sleep plays a very important role in memory formation. Researchers have now been able to show for the first time how the pathological changes in the brain act on the information-storing processes during sleep. Using animal models, they were able to decode the exact mechanism and alleviate the impairment with medicinal agents.
Healthy Romantic Love In part one of this article, Does Vulnerability Help or Hinder Romantic Relationships, I suggested that being vulnerable is not always appropriate or helpful. I pointed out that the word … ...
Schizophrenia is Best Treated with Combination of Meds &... Going against decades of conventional wisdom, new, robust research from the National Institute of Mental Health suggests that schizophrenia shouldn’t just be treated with antipsychotic drugs. Instead, a multidisciplinary approach that includes both psychotherapy and family support, combined with lower doses of antipsychotic medications, appears … ...
New technique permits cell-specific examination of proteins in alzheimer's disease brain tissue Using 10-year-old archival brain tissue from patients with Alzheimer’s disease, a research team has developed a novel method to examine the structure and function of proteins at the cell level -- providing greater means to study protein changes found in Alzheimer’s disease.
New depression diagnosis and treatment Major depression is now believed to be caused by abnormalities in immune cells of the brain. New research may be set to revolutionize next-generation psychiatric medication treatment, according to researchers.
Music listening habits tell about mental health Brain imaging reveals how neural responses to different types of music really affect the emotion regulation of individuals. The study proves that especially men who process negative feelings with music react negatively to aggressive and sad music.
3-D map of the brain The animal brain is so complex, it would take a supercomputer and vast amounts of data to create a detailed 3-D model of the billions of neurons that power it. But computer scientists and a professor of ophthalmology have developed software that maps out a monkey's brain and more easily creates a 3-D model, providing a more complete picture of how the brain is wired.
People Prone To This Emotion Are Better At Reading Facial Expressions Some good can come of this emotion -- not so much its close cousin, shame. » Continue reading: People Prone To This Emotion Are Better At Reading Facial Expressions
7 Unexpected Benefits of Feeling Guilty Some good can come of guilt -- not so much its close cousin, shame. » Continue reading: 7 Unexpected Benefits of Feeling Guilty
Parenting Angry Teens: When Feelings are in Control Why do some teens yell and scream or shut down and withdraw from the people they love and depend on? A teen’s behavior doesn’t always make sense. Our mistake is … ...
3 Musical Ways to Influence a Child's Emotions One of the most common ways we consume music is to shift our emotional state. This little trick works with children, too.
Today I Love That Hope Is There To Be Found Today I love that hope is there to be found if I look for it. I love that the eastern sky lights up every morning without fail, whether the sky … ...
Is Perspective-Taking a Skill? When we study psychology, there is a tendency to think about the tasks that we do as if there were built-in modules in the brain dedicated to those tasks. So, we talk about memory and assume that there is a particular thing in the brain that helps us remember information.
What to Do When Your Family Comments on Your Weight Recently, a reader, Jen, left an excellent question on my post about what to do when you gain weight. She wrote: “Also, I was wondering if you could write on … ...
How to Treat Borderline Personality Disorder (Part 1) Research has been conducted on the effectiveness of schema therapy for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which shows that the treatment is a very effective intervention for people struggling with the disorder. (Giesen-Bloo, et al, 2006). A schema is a deep seated, felt … ...
Do You Have a Setback Strategy? Here’s what I know for sure: If you are a human being who has lived more than five minutes on this planet, you are going to face some adversity. Challenge is a part of our experience. As a friend, a former Buddhist monk, says, “challenges … ...