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The Amount of Sleep We REALLY Need Modern thinking about how much sleep you should get questioned by new study. » Continue reading: The Amount of Sleep We REALLY Need
Web of illusion: how the internet affects our confidence in what we know The internet can give us the illusion of knowledge, making us think we are smarter than we really are. Fortunately, there may be a cure for our arrogance, writes psychologist Tom Stafford. The internet has a reputation for harbouring know-it-alls. Commenters on articles, bloggers, even your old school friends on Facebook all seem to swell […]
Study links insecure maternal attachment to math anxiety in children Whether or not a child expresses insecure attachment to their mother can predict the degree to which they experience math anxiety and achievement in mathematics, according to the findings of Guy Bosmans and Bert De Smedt in their study published in the October 2015 issue of Frontiers in Psychology. The researchers, from the University of [...]
Antidepressants and Alzheimer’s disease drugs might boost recovery in stroke patients Evidence is mounting that drugs used to treat depression and Alzheimer’s disease also can help patients recover from strokes. But there are conflicting findings from studies of these and other drugs given to recovering stroke patients. Large, well-designed studies are needed before any drug can be recommended routinely for stroke recovery, according to a study [...]
Explainer: what are false memories? Recent media reports have raised questions over the therapy undergone by several people making allegations of historical sexual abuse against prominent public figures. In particular, it has been suggested that certain forms of therapy run a high risk of unintentionally generating false memories of sexual abuse. But why are there such fears around these kind [...]
Highly religious Americans are less likely to see conflict between faith and science A majority of the public (59%) says science and religion often conflict, while 38% says science and religion are mostly compatible. But people’s sense that there is a conflict between religion and science seems to have less to do with their own religious beliefs than it does with their perceptions of other people’s beliefs, according [...]
Researchers uncover a novel link between genetics and movement control A small molecule in cells that was previously believed to have no impact on animal behaviour could in fact be responsible for controlling precise movements, according to new University of Sussex research. The team at Sussex, led by Dr Claudio Alonso, found that fruit flies had difficulty in righting themselves when placed upside down after [...]
Blame it on biology: how explanations of mental illness influence treatment Every mental health problem has a biological dimension. How could it not? All our experience and behaviour, normal or abnormal, is founded on our neurobiology. Researchers have taken great strides towards understanding these foundations and the public has taken note. Increasingly, we explain our problems as products of heredity, brain disease and chemical imbalance, rather [...]
Gamer brains are better at lucid dreaming and beating nightmares Spend a few minutes searching lucid dreaming and you’ll uncover a wide variety methods for inducing the state. Some online oneierauts say journaling is the key; others recommend eye masks with a specially tuned lighting array. Still others swear by pre-bed vitamin supplements. Despite the varied methodology, one thing is certain: To gain god-like command of your [...]
Fear-based appeals effective at changing attitudes and behaviors after all Fear-based appeals appear to be effective at influencing attitudes and behaviors, especially among women, according to a comprehensive review of over 50 years of research on the topic, published by the American Psychological Association. “These appeals are effective at changing attitudes, intentions and behaviors. There are very few circumstances under which they are not effective [...]
Researchers develop software to better understand brain’s network of neurons The animal brain is so complex, it would take a supercomputer and vast amounts of data to create a detailed 3-D model of the billions of neurons that power it. But computer scientists and a professor of ophthalmology at the University of Utah have developed software that maps out a monkey’s brain and more easily [...]
Facial color affects subliminal processing of fearful facial expressions Facial color is suggestive of emotional states, as in the phrases: “flushed with anger” and “pale with fear.” Although some behavioral studies have investigated the effects of facial color on expression, there is limited neurophysiological evidence showing the effects of facial color on emotional expression perception. Now, researchers at Electronics-Inspired Interdisciplinary Research Institute (EIIRIS) at [...]
Brain imaging study reveals music listening habits hold clues about mental health Brain imaging reveals how neural responses to different types of music really affect the emotion regulation of persons. The study proves that especially men who process negative feelings with music react negatively to aggressive and sad music. Emotion regulation is an essential component to mental health. Poor emotion regulation is associated with psychiatric mood disorders [...]
Alzheimer’s disease: Plaques impair memory formation during sleep Alzheimer’s patients frequently suffer from sleep disorders, mostly even before they become forgetful. Furthermore, it is known that sleep plays a very important role in memory formation. Researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now been able to show for the first time how the pathological changes in the brain act on the [...]
New depression diagnosis and treatment based on ‘microglia’ cells in the brain Major depression, which afflicts one in six people at some point in their life, is the leading global cause of disability – surpassing cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, cancer and HIV/AIDS combined. In a groundbreaking theoretical review paper published in the peer-reviewed journal, Trends in Neurosciences, researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem suggest that “progress [...]
Study examines selective cooperation among strangers in the supermarket Unlike cooperation among individuals that meet on a regular basis, one-shot interactions among strangers are not motivated by the prospect of receiving a favour in return. So why bother being helpful? In an attempt to shed light on the evolutionary puzzle of what factors result in cooperation among genetically unrelated individuals who meet only once, [...]
The power of two may help explain brain design At its most basic level, the brain is about the power of two, says Medical College of Georgia neuroscientist Dr. Joe Z. Tsien. He postulates in his “Theory of Connectivity” that, not unlike high school, where a human clique includes your closest friends, a neural clique is typically comprised of a couple of similar neurons. [...]
Babies’ babbles reflect their own involvement in language development ‘Dada’ is a first word for many babies. Babbling sounds with consonant-vowel repetitions, such as ‘dada,’ are common among infants once they reach 8 months old; however, these sounds are not prevalent among infants who have profound hearing loss — that is, until they receive cochlear implants. Now, University of Missouri research shows that babies’ [...]
Understanding Antisocial Personality Disorder The name “Antisocial” does not adequately explain the disorder.  It is similar to calling an aggressively trained pit bull, an unfriendly puppy.  The former names of psychopath or sociopath are much more understandable and create a more immediate comprehension.  Since APDs (Antisocial Personality Disorder) tend … ...
Top 3 Things Every Psychiatric Practitioner Should Remember... As both a mental health patient and an advocate, I hear a lot of complaints from patients about providers. Each side sees things from their perspective and a power struggle … ...